György Dózsa Freedom Martyr 20 Forint Hungary Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry (Peasant's Revolt) (Szekely) (Revolution) (Rebel)
György Dózsa Freedom Martyr 20 Forint Hungary Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Peasant's Revolt) (Szekely) (Revolution) (Rebel)
Obverse: Head of György Dózsa looking to the left, wearing a hat
Lettering: MAGYAR NÉPKÖZTÁRSASÁG
Translation: Hungarian People's Republic
Reverse: Denomination in the middle, surrounded by a wreath and under the Hungarian socialist coat of arms, separates date in the middle
Period People's Republic (1949-1989)
Type Standard circulation coin
Value 20 Forint (20 HUF)
Currency Forint (1946-date)
Weight 7.05 g
Diameter 26.8 mm
Thickness 1.75 mm
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Number N# 1995
References KM# 630, Schön# 128, ÉH# 1631
György Dózsa (or György Székely, Romanian: Gheorghe Doja; 1470 – 20 July 1514) was a Székely man-at-arms (and by some accounts, a nobleman) from Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary who led a peasants' revolt against the kingdom's landed nobility. He was eventually caught, tortured, and executed along with his followers, and remembered as both a Christian martyr and a dangerous criminal. During the reign of king Vladislas II of Hungary (1490–1516), royal power declined in favour of the magnates, who used their power to curtail the peasants' freedom.
Today, on the site of the martyrdom of the hot throne, there is the Virgin Mary Monument, built by architect László Székely and sculptor György Kiss. According to the legend, during György Dózsa's torture, some monks saw in his ear the image of Mary. The first statue was raised in 1865, with the actual monument raised in 1906. Hungarian opera composer Ferenc Erkel wrote an opera, Dózsa György, about him.
His revolutionary image and Transylvanian background were drawn upon during the Communist regime of Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej. The Hungarian component of his movement was downplayed, but its strong anti-feudal character was emphasized.
In Budapest, a square, a busy six-lane avenue, and a metro station bear his name, and it is one of the most popular street names in Hungarian villages. A number of streets in several cities of Romania were named Gheorghe Doja. Also, a number of streets in several cities of Serbia were named "Ulica Doža Đerđa". Two Postage stamps were issued in his honor by Hungary on 12 June 1919 and on 15 March 1947, the latter in the "social revolutionists" series.