Liberator Rei Amador, Hawksbill Turtle & Waterfall of Praia Pesqueira 500 Dobras São Tomé Authentic Banknote Money (Slave Rebellion) BLM
Liberator Rei Amador, Hawksbill Sea Turtle & Waterfall of Praia Pesqueira 500 Dobras São Tomé and Príncipe Authentic Banknote Money for Jewelry and Collage (Slave Rebellion) (Black Lives Matter) (Quilombo)
Obverse: Rei Amador at right, Hawksbill Sea Turtle at center, National arms at lower left
Lettering: BANCO NACIONAL DE S. TOMÉ E PRINCIPE
DECRETO LEI NO. 50/76
Reverse: Waterfall of Praia Pesqueira
Lettering: BANCO NACIONAL DE S. TOMÉ E PRINCIPE
Watermark: Rei Amador
Issuer São Tomé and Príncipe
Period Democratic Republic (1975-date)
Type Standard banknote
Value 500 Dobras (500 STD)
Currency First Dobra (1977-2017)
Number N# 204018
References P# 63
Amador Vieira, best known as Rei Amador, was the king of the Angolars and leader of a famous slave rebellion that took place in 1595 in the African islands of São Tomé and Príncipe. According to some historic documents, Rei Amador was "a slave" who avoided slavery and mobilized all the Angolares along with other Africans and made a free nation under the middle of the aforementioned islands.
History of the origin of the Angolars
The Angolars inhabited the south of the island of São Tomé, there are different versions of the history .
The first story of the origin of the Angolars was that they were African slaves brought from the mainland, probably from Angola who survived a shipwreck about 2–3 miles (4 km) off the south coast of São Tomé Island. Another version was that the Angolars were African slaves who evaded their owners around 1470, when the Portuguese discovered the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe. They created their own free nation within the islands called Kilombo or Quilombo. The name Kilombo or Quilombo derives from Kimbundu (one of the most spoken languages in Angola), it can mean a settlement kingdom, population and union. A Kilombo was an independent nation made by African slaves, who fought against slavery and once they fled, built their independent state. The Kilombos, in general were localized in densely forested regions, far from the plantations.
A third version was that the Angolars were Africans who immigrated from the mainland to the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe, long before the arrivals of the Portuguese into the islands. However it is, the story of the Angolars and their reign in São Tomé and Príncipe are part of a history of self-determination and independence carried out by Rei Amador.
On 9 July 1595, Rei Amador, and his people, the Angolars, allied with other enslaved Africans of its plantations, marched into the interior woods and battled against the Portuguese. It is said that day, Rei Amador and his followers raised a flag in front of the settlers and proclaimed Rei Amador as king of São Tomé and Príncipe, making himself as "Rei Amador, liberator of all the black people".
Between 1595 and 1596, the island of São Tomé was ruled by the Angolars, under the command of Rei Amador. On 4 January 1596, he was captured, sent to prison and was later executed by the Portuguese. Still today, they remember him fondly and consider him a national hero of the islands.
In São Tomé and Príncipe, January 4 was declared a holiday in his honour, first celebrated in 2005.
A football (soccer) club known as UDRA is named after him.
Rei Amador was depicted in a 5,000 dobras note. Also all notes bear the portrait of Rei Amador on the obverse until late 2017. It is a contemporary creation attributed by the painter Pinásio Pina as there is no actual portraits of Rei Amador. Rei Amador was also featured in bank notes of Cape Verde.
In 2004 during the International Year on the Battle Against Slavery and its Abolition, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan erected a statue of Rei Amador in São Tomé and Príncipe.
Further info from Wikipedia:
The first signs of slave rebellion began in the 1530s, when the maroon gangs organized to attack plantations, some of which were abandoned. A formal complaint was lodged by local Portuguese authorities in 1531 lamenting that too many settlers and black citizens were being killed in the attacks, and that the island would be lost if the problem remained unresolved. In a 1533 'bush war', a 'bush captain' led militia units to suppress the maroons. A significant event in the maroon fight for freedom occurred in 1549, when two men claiming to be free-born were taken in from the macambos by a wealthy mulatto planter named Ana de Chaves. With the support of de Chaves, the two men petitioned the king to be declared free, and the request was approved. The largest population of marroons coincided with the sugar boom of the mid-16th century, as the plantations teemed with slaves. Between 1587 and 1590, many of the runaway slaves were defeated in another bush war. By 1593, the governor declared the maroon forces almost completely extinguished. Nevertheless, maroon populations kept settlers away from the southern and western regions.
The greatest slave revolt occurred in July 1595, when the government was weakened by disputes between the bishop and the governor. A native slave named Amador recruited 5000 slaves to raid and destroy plantations, sugar mills, and settler houses. Amador's rebellion made three raids on the town and destroyed 60 of the island's 85 sugar mills, but they were defeated by the militia after three weeks. Two hundred slaves were killed in combat, and Amador and the other rebel leaders were executed, while the rest of the slaves were granted amnesty and returned to their plantations. So ended one of the greatest slave uprisings to that time. Smaller slave rebellions followed in the 17th and 18th centuries.
The hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a critically endangered sea turtle belonging to the family Cheloniidae. It is the only extant species in the genus Eretmochelys. The species has a worldwide distribution, with Atlantic and Indo-Pacific subspecies—E. i. imbricata and E. i. bissa, respectively.
The hawksbill's appearance is similar to that of other marine turtles. In general, it has a flattened body shape, a protective carapace, and flipper-like limbs, adapted for swimming in the open ocean. E. imbricata is easily distinguished from other sea turtles by its sharp, curving beak with prominent tomium, and the saw-like appearance of its shell margins. Hawksbill shells slightly change colors, depending on water temperature. While this turtle lives part of its life in the open ocean, it spends more time in shallow lagoons and coral reefs. The World Conservation Union, primarily as a result of human fishing practices, classifies E. imbricata as critically endangered. Hawksbill shells were the primary source of tortoiseshell material used for decorative purposes. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species outlaws the capture and trade of hawksbill sea turtles and products derived from them.
Watching turtles nest on Sao Tome and Principe's beaches is an experience that will stay with you forever
Four different species of turtle (sadly all endangered) – Olive Ridley, Green, Hawksbill and Leatherback, can be spotted coming to lay their eggs on the beaches of Sao Tome and Principe under the cover of darkness. They start arriving on the beaches in November, and can be seen laying eggs through to February. In the weeks after this, until the middle/end of March, you might be lucky enough to see hatchlings making their way to the ocean for the first time. To witness these magical moments during our turtle watching trips is an experience that will stay with you for a lifetime.
We’ve teamed up with eco guards who will take you on special evening turtle watching trips and these can be incorporated into any of our tailor-made holidays during the months of November to March.
Praia Pesqueira ("fishing beach" in Portuguese) is a locality of Sao Tome and Principe located on the south-eastern coast of the island of Sao Tome , in the district of Caué , near Ribeira Peixe.
Less than 200 meters from its mouth, a small stream, the Rio Martim Mendes, crosses a natural dam of very resistant volcanic rocks and then falls in a large waterfall divided into several small arms, over a height of about fifteen meters before reaching the sea.