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Pyinsa Rupa Animal of Five Beauties & Revolutionary Aung San 25 Kyats Burma Authentic Banknote Money for Collage (Myanmar) (Chinthe) Zodiac

Pyinsa Rupa Animal of Five Beauties & Revolutionary Aung San 25 Kyats Burma Authentic Banknote Money for Collage (Myanmar) (Chinthe) Zodiac

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Pyinsa Rupa Animal of Five Beauties & Revolutionary Aung San 25 Kyats Burma Authentic Banknote Money for Jewelry and Collage (Myanmar) (Chinthe) (Ketu) (Astrology) (Zodiac)

Reverse: Pyinsa Rupa, which is comprised of the Pali words pyinsa, meaning "five", and rupa, meaning "physical beauties", is the name given to the animal with the antlers of a deer, the tusks and the trunk of an elephant, the mane of a lion, the body of a naga serpent, and the tail of a Nga Gyin fish (cudgeon). ... The zodiac officially ... recognizes a ninth sign called Ketu, which rules over all of the signs. Ketu's sign is the mythical "Animal of Five Beauties" called Pyinsa Rupa.

Obverse: Military portrait of Revolutionary General Aung San at left and chinthe leogryphs (lion-like creatures), at lower corners. Brown and tan on multicolour underprint.

Watermark: General Aung San

Issuer Myanmar
Period Union of Burma (1948-1974)
Type Standard banknote
Year 1972
Value 25 Kyats (25 BUK)
Currency Union of Burma - Third kyat (1952-1989)
Composition Paper
Size 155 × 89 mm
Shape Rectangular
Number N# 204383
References P# 59

Pyinsa Rupa, which comprimises the Pali words pyinsa, meaning "five", and rupa, meaning "physical beauties", is the name given to the animal with the trunk of an elephant, the head of a lion, the antlers and legs of a deer, the wings of a Hintha bird, and the body and tail of the Nga Gyin fish (cudgeon). The pyinsa rupa is the animal of astrological sign Ketu.

Pyinsarupa (Burmese: ပဉ္စရူပ, [pjɪ̀ɴsa̰ jùpa̰], also spelt pyinsa rupa; Pali: pañcarūpa, lit. 'five forms'), also known as phaya luang (Thai: พญาลวง), is a chimeric animal made of an elephant, bullock, horse, white carp (ငါးကြင်း) and tonaya (တိုးနရား, a mythical horned animal), or alternately lion, elephant, water buffalo, white carp and hamsa. The pyinsarupa is commonly featured in traditional Burmese hsaing waing orchestras, and serves as the logo of Myanmar's flagship air carrier, Myanmar Airways International.


Burmese Zodiac Weekdays
The Burmese zodiac employs eight signs in a seven-day week, with each sign representing its own day, cardinal direction, planet (celestial body) and animal (Cardinal direction, Burmese, Sanskrit, English, Planet, Sign): 1) Northeast, Taninganwe, Aditya, Sunday, Sun, Garuda; 2) East, Taninla, Chandra, Monday, Moon, Tiger; 3) Southeast, Inga, Angaraka, Tuesday, Mars, Lion; 4) South, Boddahu, Budha, Wednesday a.m., Mercury, Tusked elephant; 5) Northwest, Rahu, Rahu, Wednesday p.m., Ascending Lunar node, Tuskless elephant; 6) West, Kyathabade, Br.haspati, Thursday, Jupiter, Rat; 7) North, Thaukkya, Shukra, Friday, Venus, Guinea pig; 8) Southwest, Sanay, Shani, Saturday, Saturn, Na-ga. [Source: Wikipedia]

While the eight signs are the most prevalent in modern Burmese zodiac, the zodiac officially also recognizes a ninth sign called Ketu, which rules over all of the signs. Ketu's sign is a mythical "Animal of Five Beauties" called Pyinsa Rupa with the antlers of a deer, the tusks and the trunk of an elephant, the mane of a lion, the body of a naga serpent, and the tail of a fish. Moreover, Rahu and Ketu, while borrowed from Hindu astrology, are different from their original versions. Hindu astrology considers Rahu and Ketu to be the ascending and descending lunar nodes but Burmese astrology considers them distinct planets.

At any rate, the inclusion of Ketu is not due to astronomical necessity but rather cultural. (J.C. Eade points out that "there is no astronomical necessity" for Ketu, whose orbit can be derived from the value of Rahu, and suggests that Ketu was "superfluous to the system, and perhaps even as an entity that owes its origin to a mistake". Htin Aung says the use of Rahu and Ketu in Burmese zodiac and astrology is for cultural, not necessarily astronomical, value, noting that the nine signs neatly fit the Nine Gods of Burmese animist tradition and indeed are an essential part of the "Ceremony of the Nine Gods" usually held when there is sickness in the house.)

The signs can be represented in a nine-square diagram. The exact arrangement is used to place the planetary figurines in the "Ceremony of the Nine Gods", with Ketu in the center, right behind a statue of the Buddha. All the planetary figures face the Buddha (as the animist practice has been absorbed into Burmese Buddhism): 1) Northwest, Wednesday evening, Rahu, Tuskless elephant; 2) North, Friday, Venus, Guinea pig; 3) Northeast, Sunday, Sun, Garuda; 4) West, Thursday, Jupiter, Rat; 5) Center, Week, Ketu, Pyinsa Rupa; 6) East, Monday, Moon, Tiger; 7) Southwest, Saturday, Saturn, Naga; 8) South, Wednesday morning, Mercury, Tusked elephant; 9) Southeast, Tuesday, Mars, Lion.

The Sunday, Tuesday, Saturday and Rahu planets are considered to be Malefics, or planets with an evil influence while the Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday planets are considered Benefics, or planets with benign influence. Ketu is considered to be the most powerful and a Benefic but as the chief planet, it cannot be grouped with any other planet. However, modern Burmese astrology rarely uses Ketu, and tends to use only the other eight planets.



Bogyoke Aung San (Burmese: ဗိုလ်ချုပ် အောင်ဆန်း; MLCTS: aung hcan:, pronounced [àʊɰ̃ sʰáɰ̃]; 13 February 1915 – 19 July 1947) was a Burmese politician, independence activist and revolutionary. Aung San is the founder of the Myanmar Armed Forces, and is considered the Father of the Nation of modern-day Myanmar. He was instrumental in Burma's independence from British rule, but was assassinated just six months before his goal was realized.

Devoted to ending British rule in Burma, Aung San founded or was closely associated with many Burmese political groups and movements and explored various schools of political thought throughout his life. He was a life-long anti-imperialist and studied communism and socialism as a student, and Japanese Pan-Asianism upon joining the Japanese military. In his first year of university he was elected to the executive committee of the Rangoon University Students' Union and served as the editor of its newspaper. He joined the Thakin Society in 1938, working as its general secretary, and founded both the Communist Party of Burma and the Burma Socialist Party.

Shortly before the outbreak of World War II, Aung San fled Burma to solicit support from Chinese communists but was recruited by Suzuki Keiji, a Japanese army intelligence officer stationed in Thailand, who promised support. Aung San recruited a small core of Burmese revolutionaries later known as the Thirty Comrades and left for Japan. During the Japanese occupation of Burma, he served as the minister of war in the Japan-backed State of Burma led by Dr. Ba Maw. As the tide turned against Japan, he switched sides and merged his forces with the Allies to fight against the Japanese. After World War II, he negotiated Burmese independence from Britain in the Aung San-Atlee agreement. He served as the 5th Premier of the British Crown Colony of Burma from 1946 to 1947. He led his party, the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League, to victory in the 1947 Burmese general election, but he and most of his cabinet were assassinated shortly before the country became independent.

Aung San's daughter, Aung San Suu Kyi, is a stateswoman and politician. She was Burma's State Counsellor and its 20th (and first female) Minister of Foreign Affairs in Win Myint's Cabinet until the 2021 Myanmar coup d'état.


The chinthe is a highly stylized leogryph (lion-like creature) commonly depicted in Burmese iconography and Myanmar architecture, especially as a pair of guardians flanking the entrances of Buddhist pagodas and kyaung (or Buddhist monasteries). The chinthe is featured prominently on most paper denominations of the Burmese kyat. A related creature, the manussiha, is also commonly depicted in Myanmar. In Burmese, chinthe is synonymous with the Burmese word for "lion."

The chinthe is related to other leogryphs in the Asian region, including the sing (สิงห์) of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, and the simha (සිංහ) of Sri Lanka, where it is featured prominently on the Sri Lankan rupee. It is also related to East Asian leogryphs, such as the guardian lions of China, komainu of Japan, shisa of Okinawa and Snow Lion of Tibet.

The story of why chinthes guard the entrances of pagodas and temples is given as such from the Mahavamsa:

The princess Suppadevi of Vanga Kingdom (Present day Bengal) had a son named Sinhabahu through her marriage to a lion, but later abandoned the lion who then became enraged and set out on a road of terror throughout the lands. The son then went out to slay this terrorizing lion. The son came back home to his mother stating he slew the lion, and then found out that he killed his own father. The son later constructed a statue of the lion as a guardian of a temple to atone for his sin.

The chinthe is symbolically used as an element of Burmese iconography on many revered objects, including the palin, the Burmese royal thrones and Burmese bells. Predating the use of coins for money, brass weights cast in the shape of mythical beasts like the chinthe were commonly used to measure standard quantities of staple items. In the Burmese zodiac, the chinthe (lion) sign is representative of Tuesday-born individuals.

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