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  • Basket Weavers Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi & Port of Mogadishu and "Mad Mullah" 1000 Shillings Somalia Authentic Banknote Money
  • Basket Weavers Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi & Port of Mogadishu and "Mad Mullah" 1000 Shillings Somalia Authentic Banknote Money
  • Basket Weavers Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi & Port of Mogadishu and "Mad Mullah" 1000 Shillings Somalia Authentic Banknote Money
  • Basket Weavers Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi & Port of Mogadishu and "Mad Mullah" 1000 Shillings Somalia Authentic Banknote Money
  • Basket Weavers Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi & Port of Mogadishu and "Mad Mullah" 1000 Shillings Somalia Authentic Banknote Money
  • Basket Weavers Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi & Port of Mogadishu and "Mad Mullah" 1000 Shillings Somalia Authentic Banknote Money
  • Basket Weavers Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi & Port of Mogadishu and "Mad Mullah" 1000 Shillings Somalia Authentic Banknote Money
  • Basket Weavers Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi & Port of Mogadishu and "Mad Mullah" 1000 Shillings Somalia Authentic Banknote Money
  • Basket Weavers Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi & Port of Mogadishu and "Mad Mullah" 1000 Shillings Somalia Authentic Banknote Money
  • Basket Weavers Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi & Port of Mogadishu and "Mad Mullah" 1000 Shillings Somalia Authentic Banknote Money
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Basket Weavers Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi & Port of Mogadishu and "Mad Mullah" 1000 Shillings Somalia Authentic Banknote Money

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Basket Weavers Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi & Port of Mogadishu and "Mad Mullah" 1000 Shillings Somalia Authentic Banknote Money for Jewelry and Collage (Mohammed Abdullah Hassan)

Obverse: Women seated weaving baskets
Lettering: Bankiga Dhexe
ee Soomaaliya
1000
Shilin
Soomalli
Translation: Central Bank
in Somalia
1000
Somali Shilling

Reverse: Port of Mogadishu
Lettering: Central Bank of Somalia
1000 Somali Shillings

Watermark: Bearded man in a headdress - Mohammed Abdullah Hassan or Sayyid Muhammad `Abd Allah al-Hasan (1856 - 1920), also known as the ‘Mad Mullah’.

Features
Issuer Somalia
Period Somali Republic (1991-date)
Type Standard banknote
Years 1990-1996
Value 1000 Shillings
1000 SOS = USD 1.74
Currency Shilling (1962-date)
Composition Paper
Size 153 × 75 mm
Shape Rectangular
Number N# 206339
References P# 37

Wikipedia:
Object Journey
Remembering the Culture of Basket Weaving in Somalia by Abukar Elmi Gure
by Object Journeys | Somali

Somali 1000 Shilling note
Somali one thousand shilling note from 1989 © Trustees of the British Museum

One of the objects currently on display in the Somali Object Journeys exhibit in the British Museum’s Wellcome Gallery, is the one thousand Somali shilling note from 1989. On the front of the notes, you will notice two women basket weaving. Many still ask who these women were and why they are important.

The two women pictured on the note above are Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi. They were ordinary Somali women who made a living from basket weaving in Mogadishu. For many years Hawo worked as a basket weaver in the Abdulaziz district of Mogadishu, selling on the weaving products she made to tourists and visitors.

In Somalia, it is common for older women involved in the community to be referred to as hoyoo (mother) as it is a sign of respect. The significance of hoyoo Hawo however, lies in the simple yet iconic process of creatively producing local items such as baskets.

Women in the southern regions of Somalia have for centuries used different fabric and materials to weave and produce some of the most beautiful baskets, fans and windbreak covers for their houses. In the Object Journey’s display case, examples of these types of baskets are also on display; these are the types of baskets that would have been woven by women like hoyoo Hawo. The basket weaving practice is a very important aspect of womanhood in Somalia. Each region has its own speciality and it is regarded as an artistic form of expression. See some more examples of Somali basketry on the Museum’s Collection Online.

Aurala Weris Warsame, a blogger and former Mogadishu resident writes about her memories of Hawo;

‘I have vivid memories of these ladies. How they, sitting in the burning sun for hours, carefully interlaced green, purple, indigo blue and earthen colours into intricate patterns to form such incredible works of arts. My paternal grandmothers’ hobby was weaving her baskets (danbiil) as she sat near the burjiko sipping tea, cooking her meals and conversing with her friends. It was an amazing way of life that seems to be lost somehow but still omnipresent in the collective memories of so many of us who were blessed to have experienced their childhood in Somalia. Basket weaving was more than a subsistence means of survival.’

Importance of the women’s presence on the banknote:
Hawo Nur Hirabe and Fatima Hersi
There aren’t many women displayed on international currencies, especially normal women making a simple living from basket weaving, so how did hoyoo Hawo appear on the shilling? Between 1969 – 1991 the Marxist regime of General Siad Barre, heavily influenced by the Soviet Union, was constantly trying to promote Somali self-sufficiency and production. There were many government programs initiated by this government such as the nationwide self-help and volunteering schemes, which tried to reduce the country’s dependency on foreign imports. Well known in the markets of Mogadishu, Hoyoo Hawo was the perfect choice for the regime to promote their ideology and hence she became the iconic face of the one-thousand-shilling note.

Since the overthrow of the Barre regime and and the subsequent collapse of the Somali government in 1991, high inflation devalued the Somali shilling greatly. The only remaining note from this time is this one-thousand-shilling note – now equivalent to about $1.80. The preferred currency in Somalia is now the US Dollar as it is impossible for consumers to carry wheel barrows of Shillings. Despite years of conflict, this note with Hoyoo Hawo’s face still circulates in the markets of Mogadishu.

On the 13th of April 2015, Hawo Nur Hirabe passed away aged 84, she is survived by her daughters and two sons. You can read a report here.

Importance of women in Somali society:
As in many parts of Africa women play a vital economic role in the markets, they are the brokers and facilitators of trade. The National Union of Somali Women was established in 1971 with aims of organising and empowering all Somali women (Patman, 2009).

Somali nomadic homes
Somali women play such an important and essential role in Somali society. In the west the term ‘homemaker’ refers to a woman that manages the home but in Somali society, women make the home not just metaphorically but also physically. Somali women for centuries have constructed homes for their families by using indigenous methods and materials. The term Aqal means ‘house’ in Somali, and is also the name for a form of accommodation used by nomadic groups who move from place to place with their herds of camel up to this day. The skeleton structure of a Somali Aqal, is usually constructed from the strong branches of a Murcanyo tree (A.W.Warsame). The gaps were traditionally filled using hay and straw however today other materials also used.

As we look back at the legacy of Hoyoo Hawa in the Object Journeys display case, we should also remember and appreciate the important contributions of Somali women in preserving Somali culture.

References/ Links
Patman, R.G., 2009. The Soviet Union in the Horn of Africa: The diplomacy of intervention and disengagement (Vol. 71). Cambridge University Press.
Aurala Weris Warsame blog – Waryapost Blog
Somali currency’s basket weaver dies in Mogadishu – Hiraan Online

Source: https://objectjourneys.britishmuseum.org/remembering-the-culture-of-basket-weaving-in-somalia-by-abukar-elmi-gure/

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Wikipedia:
Sayid Mohamed Abdullahi Hassan (Somali: Sayid Maxamed Cabdulle Xasan; 1856–1920) was a Somali religious and military leader of the Dervish movement. It was subdivided into 13 administrative divisions, of which the four largest were Shiikhyaale, Dooxato, Golaweyne and Miinanle, a setting which in the midst of colonial expansionism eventually set the stage for a two-decade long confrontation with various colonial empires including the British, Italians, and Abyssinians.

According to Douglas Jardine, the name 'Mad Mullah' did not originate with the British or the Italians as is often thought, but is a translation of the Somali expression wadaad waal (the Mullah that is a lunatic) used by Somalis in Berbera. One Somali poet at the time, Ali Jama Habil composed a poem titled 'Maxamed Waal' (Mohamed the Lunatic). According to apologist Said Sheikh Samatar the Somali word waalan covers a spectrum that ranges from sheer lunacy through 'lunatic' valour to an other worldly inner serenity.

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The Port of Mogadishu, also known as the Mogadishu International Port, is the official seaport of Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia. Classified as a major class port, it is the largest harbour in the country.

Historical overview
Since the Roman empire, a commercial port called Sarapion existed in what is now modern Mogadishu. However, during the Middle Ages the port of Mogasdishu was very small and only with the arrival of the Italians in 1890 were the first improvements made in order to create a modern port. The port has since increased in capacity to become most important port of Somalia and one of the biggest in eastern Africa.

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Melissa Lebsack
It is totally as expected

It is totally as expected