African Bush Elephants, Safari Jeep & Inkosi Ya Makhosi Gomani II 50 Kwacha Malawi Authentic Banknote Money for Collage (Cichlid) (Kasungu)
African Bush Elephants, Safari Jeep & Inkosi Ya Makhosi Gomani II 50 Kwacha Malawi Authentic Banknote Money for Jewelry and Collage (Kasungu National Park) (Cichlid Fish)
Reverse: African Bush Elephants at Kasungu National Park and a Safari Jeep. Reserve Bank of Malawi emblem.
Obverse: Inkosi Ya Makhosi Gomani II.
Building of the Reserve Bank of Malawi headquarters in Lilongwe.
Sun rising and shining above. Fishermen fishing.
Livingston's cichlid (Nimbochromis livingstonii) locally known as Kalingono.
Type Standard banknote
Value 50 kwacha
50 MWK = USD 0.06
Currency Kwacha (1971-date)
Size 128 × 64 mm
Number N# 204060
References P# 58
Kasungu National Park
In the western part of this Central Region, as well as neighboring Zambia, is the Kasungu National Park, on 800 square miles or 2100 square kilometer area with natural woodland plus bush and infrequent patches of open grasslands. Poaching has diminished the population of a number of animal species although there is still wildlife to be viewed. Elephants plus antelopes are widespread, as are little herds of zebras and buffaloes. Predators comprise jackals, leopards, servals and hyenas. There is a large population of hippos within this lake at Lifupa and just like in other places in Malawi, bird watching is available.
This park is fairly undemanding to drive through. at Lifupa There is a good lodge plus fine camping close by. Due to changes wthin management, the present accommodation condition must be checked ahead of a visit. entrance to the park has greatly improved over the recent years and it is relatively easy to reach from Lilongwe (approx. 100 miles/160km).
It is located in the central region on Malawi with its borders extending on to Zambia. Kasungu was established in 1970 and is ranked the second largest National Park in Malawi covering an estimated 2,316sq kilometres. The park is mainly covered in Miombo woodland while the banks of river Dwanga, Lingadzi and Lifuba are grasslands
Although the park’s population of wildlife has been threatened by poaching and human activity, there are sights of African elephants, hyena, lions, wild dog, buffalo, zebra,n genets, serval, jackal and antelope species such as sable, kudu, roan, impala and the hartebeest. Kasungu Park is a popular sight with several schools of yawning hippos which are found in Lake Lufuba
The park is located north west of Lilongwe-175km before the Zambian border. Game viewing is good during the months of September to May which is the dry season while June to August is good for bird watching. Heavy rains are received in March and thus the park is closed due to slippery roads.
Kasungu National Park is a national park in Malawi. It is located west of Kasungu, about 175 km north of Lilongwe, extending along the Zambian border.
Kasungu National Park, established in 1970, is the second-largest in Malawi at 2,316 square kilometres (894 sq mi), with an elevation of approximately 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) above sea level on average. It is located in the Central Region approximately 165 km (103 mi) north of Lilongwe.
Most years the park is closed during March, during the wet season. The park is warm from the months of September to May and cooler from June to August. During the summer months a large variety of birds migrate to the park and bird watching is common between June and September.
Flora and fauna
The vegetation consists mainly of Miombo woodland with grassy river channels, known locally as Dambos. A number of rivers flow through the park, notably the Dwangwa and the Lingadzi and its tributary, the Lifupa, which creates an important spot for hippo surveyal in the park at the Lifupa Lodge. Kasungu is known for its population of elephants although is threatened by poaching. Other animals native to the park include Sable antelopes, roan antelopes, kudus, impala and hartebeest and plains zebra and African Buffaloes. Predators in Kasungu National Park include, hyenas, Cape wild dogs and servals. The South African cheetah was thought to be extinct in the late 1970s.
Since 2005, the protected area is considered a Lion Conservation Unit.
The African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), also known as the African savanna elephant, is one of two living African elephant species. It is the largest living terrestrial animal, with bulls reaching a shoulder height of up to 3.96 m (13.0 ft) and a body mass of up to 10.4 t (11.5 short tons). It is distributed across 37 African countries and inhabits forests, grasslands and woodlands, wetlands and agricultural land. Since 2021, it has been listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. It is threatened foremost by habitat destruction, and in parts of its range also by poaching for meat and ivory. It is a social mammal, travelling in herds composed of cows and their offspring. Adult bulls usually live alone or in small bachelor groups. It is a herbivore, feeding on grasses, creepers, herbs, leaves, and bark.
Inkosi ya Makosi (king of kings) Gomani II was born Zitonga (child of knobkerries) at Chipiri in present-day Mozambique. His mother was naNgondo, junior wife to Gomani I, also known as Chatamthumba.
He was a descendant of Mputa and Chikuse, becoming paramount of the Maseko Ngoni of Ntcheu, southern Malawi, from 1921 to 1954. He was also one of the few leaders to have stood against the establishment of Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
After mastering the basics of reading and writing, Zitonga went to Henry Henderson Institute in Blantyre. He was baptised in 1921, the year he became chief, reviving the Maseko royal house.
Under the Native Ordinance of 1933, Zitonga, now using the Christian name of Philip, was officially recognised as the paramount chief of Ntcheu district. Oct 27, 1926, he was guest of honour when people of the central Angoniland had built an obelisk, in memory of his father Gomani 1, who was killed by British colonialists.
In the 1930s, when the colonial government introduced modern agriculture, Gomani II encouraged his people to adopt them, becoming a model chief.
Resistance to Federation, arrest and death
Totally opposed to the Federation of Nyasaland and Rhodesia, he was supposed to be part of the delegation of chiefs to London to oppose its institution. But because of poor health, his son Willard represented him. This delegation met some key figures in London including Reverend Michael Scott at the African Bureau and Cannon Collins of Christian Action.
When the Federation was imposed in 1953, Gomani began to pursue resistance by ignoring official agricultural and conservation regulations. In response, the colonial government suspended and then withdrew its recognition as the paramount chief. In May 1953, the police tried to force Gomani out of the district but failed due to the thousands of people that had gathered at his house in Lizwe la Zulu (or Lizuli in short).
In the midst of the chaos, Gomani and heir to his throne, Willard, together with Reverend Michael Scott, escaped into Mozambique where they hid near Villla Courtinho. Michael Scott was visiting the chief's court when this happened. They were arrested by Mozambican authorities and handed back to the authorities in Malawi. Scott was declared a prohibited immigrant and deported.
His arrest was followed by a major disquiet throughout the colony.
In June 1953, he was due to appear in the magistrate court in Zomba. He could not appear because he was sick, admitted at the Seventh Day Adventist hospital in Thyolo, southern Malawi. He died shortly, and was buried at Lizulu. His funeral was attended by thousands of people including the leading nationalists of the day.
He was succeeded by his son Willard, who became Gomani III.
Nimbochromis livingstonii, Livingston's cichlid or (locally) kalingono, is a freshwater mouthbrooding cichlid native to Lake Malawi, an African Rift Lake. It is also found in the upper Shire River and Lake Malombe. They are found in inshore areas of the lake over sandy substrates.