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Ancient Palmyra & Hawk of Quraish 10 Liras Syria Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Roman Ruins)

Ancient Palmyra & Hawk of Quraish 10 Liras Syria Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Roman Ruins)

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Ancient Palmyra & Hawk of Quraish 10 Liras Syria Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Roman Ruins)

Reverse: The ancient ruins of the city of Palmyra, above value within circle.
Lettering: الجمهورية العربية اسورية
عشر ليرات سورية
Translation: Syrian Arab Republic
Ten Syrian Lira

Obverse: The arms of Syria (Hawk of Quraish with 2 stars on the shield holding a scroll with "Syrian Arab Republic" in Arabic lettering) within a circle within a larger circle and the dates (AD left and AH right) in Arabic digits below.
Lettering: الجمهورية العربية اسورية
١٤١٦هـ - ١٩٩٦مـ
Translation: Syrian Arab Republic
AD1996 - AH1416

Edge: Milled

Issuer Syria
Period Arab Republic (1961-date)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1416-1417 (1996-1997)
Calendar Islamic (Hijri)
Value 10 Liras
10 SYP = USD 0.0040
Currency Pound (1919-date)
Composition Copper-nickel
Weight 7 g
Diameter 26.4 mm
Thickness 1.78 mm
Shape Round
Technique Milled
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Number N# 2680
References KM# 124, Schön# 60

Palmyra (Arabic: تَدْمُر Tadmur) is an ancient Semitic city in present-day Homs Governorate, Syria. Archaeological finds date back to the Neolithic period, and documents first mention the city in the early second millennium BC. Palmyra changed hands on a number of occasions between different empires before becoming a subject of the Roman Empire in the first century.

The city grew wealthy from trade caravans; the Palmyrenes became renowned as merchants who established colonies along the Silk Road and operated throughout the Roman Empire. Palmyra's wealth enabled the construction of monumental projects, such as the Great Colonnade, the Temple of Bel, and the distinctive tower tombs. Ethnically, the Palmyrenes combined elements of Amorites, Arameans, and Arabs. The city's social structure was tribal, and its inhabitants spoke Palmyrene (a dialect of Aramaic), while using Greek for commercial and diplomatic purposes. Greco-Roman culture influenced the culture of Palmyra, which produced distinctive art and architecture that combined eastern and western traditions. The city's inhabitants worshiped local Semitic, Mesopotamian, and Arab deities.

By the third century AD, Palmyra had become a prosperous regional center. It reached the apex of its power in the 260s, when the Palmyrene King Odaenathus defeated Persian Emperor Shapur I. The king was succeeded by regent Queen Zenobia, who rebelled against Rome and established the Palmyrene Empire. In 273, Roman emperor Aurelian destroyed the city, which was later restored by Diocletian at a reduced size. The Palmyrenes converted to Christianity during the fourth century and to Islam in the centuries following the conquest by the 7th-century Rashidun Caliphate, after which the Palmyrene and Greek languages were replaced by Arabic.

Before AD 273, Palmyra enjoyed autonomy and was attached to the Roman province of Syria, having its political organization influenced by the Greek city-state model during the first two centuries AD. The city became a Roman colonia during the third century, leading to the incorporation of Roman governing institutions, before becoming a monarchy in 260. Following its destruction in 273, Palmyra became a minor center under the Byzantines and later empires. Its destruction by the Timurids in 1400 reduced it to a small village. Under French Mandatory rule in 1932, the inhabitants were moved into the new village of Tadmur, and the ancient site became available for excavations. During the Syrian Civil War in 2015, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) destroyed large parts of the ancient city, which was recaptured by the Syrian Army on 2 March 2017.


The Hawk of Quraish (Arabic: صُقُوْرُ قُرَيْشٍ‎) is a symbol which is found on a number of emblems, coats of arms and flags of several states of the Arab League. The Arabs of the Arabian Peninsula, today especially those from the Arab side of the Persian Gulf coast, are traditionally falconry experts; falcons (and hawks) are seen as status symbols and one of the Arabs' favorite animals. Also the traditions and recorded history about the Quraysh and Muhammad claim a falcon had been used as clan symbol. Therefore, several variants of the Quraishi hawk were and are seen in the flags, coat of arms, seals and emblems of several Arab states until today. In that meaning, the Hawk of Quraish is a rival to the Eagle of Saladin.

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Collin D
Coin arrived quickly and in good order. It...

Coin arrived quickly and in good order. It looks great and will make an excellent addition to my collection. Will be ordering again in the future!