Boddhisattva Lokanat & Revolutionary Aung San 75 Kyats Burma Authentic Banknote Money for Collage (Myanmar) (Buddhism) (Guardian Spirit)
Boddhisattva Lokanat & Revolutionary Aung San 75 Kyats Burma Authentic Banknote Money for Jewelry and Collage (Myanmar) (Buddhism) (Benevolent Peacemaker) (Guardian Spirit) (Avalokitesvara) (Revolutionary General)
Obverse: Bogyoke (Major General) Aung San, born Htein Lin (1915-1947), founder of the modern Burmese army, the Tatmadaw, and Chinthe lions
Translation: Union of Burma Bank, Seventy Five Kyats
Reverse: Deity Lokanat (Loka Byuha Nat), the Guardian Spirit of he Universe, symbol of peace, joy, prosperity and artistry
UNION OF BURMA BURMA
Watermark: Aung San
Period Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (1974-1988)
Type Standard banknote
Value 75 Kyats (75 BUK)
Currency Union of Burma - Third kyat (1952-1989)
Size 164 × 76 mm
Number N# 208255
References P# 65
"The Lokanat (Peacemaker and Benevolent Prince)"
The Lokanat is for the Myanmar people a symbol of peace and prosperity and figures prominently in our art and culture. The role of the Lokanat as peacemaker is based on a fascinating legend which has come down through the generations.
Once upon a time, the Guardian Spirit of the universe, known as the Loka Byuha Nat or Lokanat was making the rounds of his domain to see that all was well, when he came upon the Kethayaza Chinthemin, King Lion, and the Flying Elephant locked in mortal combat. The fight had broken out over attempts to grab the lacy tender clouds which were the favourite sustenance for both. Now the lion was pressing his foot down on the elephant with all his might and sucking at the trunk. The flying elephant was also doing his utmost to pierce the lion with his tusks.
The Lokanat foresaw that if the tempo of the combat should intensify and become more violent, then the entire earth itself would be set ablaze and left a heap of ashes. So, to put an end to their enmity and instead plant and nurture love and amity between them, he started to play a rhythmic beat on his small musical timing cymbals, sing in his melodious voice and dance in tune to it.
The two combatants hearing the soothing voice in song and seeing the graceful dance, calmed down and stopped their fight. Thus, their resentment and rancour diminished and the fire of their wrath was extinguished.
The term Lokanat in popular usage today is also said to be derived from the name of a deity named Lokanahta, which is the combined form of two Pali root words, Loka, meaning people in general and Nahta, meaning refuge or haven. So the Lokanat was originally the title of the deity who is believed to keep eternal watch over the world. In derivation, it later came to denote a prince or a ruler whose benevolence and wisdom protected the people of the kingdom and bestowed good fortune. The Buddhist monk Shin Maharahtathara, a poet and writer of great renown in Myanmar literature referred to King Saw Bramhadatt as Lokanat in his epic poem about Buridhatt, the future Buddha.
The very concept of a deity as gentle peacemaker seemed to have captured the imagination of creative artists, old and new. Myanmar sculptors and painters have fantasized greatly in their portrayals of many celestial beings and deities, but the figure of the Lokanat is different and special. He is always portrayed in a sitting position on a pedestal with a lotus-shaped platform. His posture is singular, sitting with one knee raised and the other laid down flat in a curved position with his feet clutching the musical timer cymbals. The hands are raised in a dance choreography with the delicacy and grace and suppleness of a bird's wing in flight; the face is a study of serenity, yet the upward tilt of the chin brings to it a touch of light and joy. It is no wonder that for us, the Lokanat figure has become synonymous with peace joy and artistry.
The Lokanat is the favourite subject of Myanmar's sculpture and painting. In fact it would not be wrong to say that the Lokanat is the logo of the visual arts in Myanmar. Its graceful figure is also frequently seen adorning the Myanmar traditional saing-waing (traditional orchestra), for he is regarded the patron of the performing arts as well. As a matter of fact, the Lokanat stands for peace and harmony, happiness and joy and all that is good and right. The figure is often placed in a prayer chamber or throne room. A Lokanat figure has been placed in the foreground of the Thihathana Throne now on display at the National Museum.
The lotus leaf pedestal of the Lokanat represents a leaf struggling out of the grip of the murky depths of a pond to emerge fresh and green on the water's surface, and the entwining vines are like wavelets lapping at the edges. For the Myanmar people, a lotus leaf signifies peace and purity, an escape from the frailty of mundane life into the sunlight of wisdom and truth. This is in complete harmony with the celestial figure which stands for peace and serenity.
It is said that Mahayana Buddhists pay homage to the Lokanat as a deity who watches over the universe, and some others believe that if one takes refuge in the Lokanat, one will be free of all dangers and will be rewarded with untold wealth and happiness.
One of the earliest portrayals of the Lokanat is part of the ancient murals on the walls of the Apeyatana Temple in Bagan. On the wall of the ambulatory corridor of this temple can be seen a portrait of Awalokitesvara also known as the Lokanahta or Lokanat. He is depicted sitting on a huge lotus blossom with his left leg curved and upright and his right laid down on a smaller lotus blossom. The right hand is placed on the knee with the fingers hanging downwards and the left is bent at the elbow and placed on the chest, but holding by the stalks, a boquet of lotus blossoms and buds. He wears a crown and is adorned with a beaded necklace as well as bangles and bracelets. The Awalokitesvara or the Lokanat is said by some to be a prominent Boddhisatt deity of Mahayana Buddhism.
The sitting position of the Lokanat, the Lelathana posture, can be found in some Buddha images of the Vesali Era of the Rakhine State. In the Bagan region, figures of the Bodhisatt carved and painted in this manner can be seen in the Pawdawmu, Paungku, Ananda and Apeyatana Pagodas as well as in some pagodas in Kanthit village, Yesagyo Township and Kanbe village in Tuntay township.
The Lokanat, though ancient in origin, still holds a fascination for the Myanmar people today. No artist of any talent, be he painter or sculptor, can resist an attempt to create the Lokanat as he, or she sees him.The artist of the Myanmar Perspective Lokanat is no exception. He has captured in gold, the litheness of the body and limbs, the sweetness of the face and the nobility of the brow, yet true to its attribute of benevolent ruler, the figure in the painting exudes an aura of authority, wisdom and compassion.
What is certain is that, for the Myanmar people, the Lokanat is a symbol of peace and the essence of our art and culture. His whole being is typically Myanmar. So, with the Lokanat's blessings may peace reign in our land and our people flourish and prosper.
Kyi Kyi Hla
Bogyoke Aung San (Burmese: ဗိုလ်ချုပ် အောင်ဆန်း; MLCTS: aung hcan:, pronounced [àʊɰ̃ sʰáɰ̃]; 13 February 1915 – 19 July 1947) was a Burmese politician, independence activist and revolutionary. Aung San is the founder of the Myanmar Armed Forces, and is considered the Father of the Nation of modern-day Myanmar. He was instrumental in Burma's independence from British rule, but was assassinated just six months before his goal was realized.
Devoted to ending British rule in Burma, Aung San founded or was closely associated with many Burmese political groups and movements and explored various schools of political thought throughout his life. He was a life-long anti-imperialist and studied communism and socialism as a student, and Japanese Pan-Asianism upon joining the Japanese military. In his first year of university he was elected to the executive committee of the Rangoon University Students' Union and served as the editor of its newspaper. He joined the Thakin Society in 1938, working as its general secretary, and founded both the Communist Party of Burma and the Burma Socialist Party.
Shortly before the outbreak of World War II, Aung San fled Burma to solicit support from Chinese communists but was recruited by Suzuki Keiji, a Japanese army intelligence officer stationed in Thailand, who promised support. Aung San recruited a small core of Burmese revolutionaries later known as the Thirty Comrades and left for Japan. During the Japanese occupation of Burma, he served as the minister of war in the Japan-backed State of Burma led by Dr. Ba Maw. As the tide turned against Japan, he switched sides and merged his forces with the Allies to fight against the Japanese. After World War II, he negotiated Burmese independence from Britain in the Aung San-Atlee agreement. He served as the 5th Premier of the British Crown Colony of Burma from 1946 to 1947. He led his party, the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League, to victory in the 1947 Burmese general election, but he and most of his cabinet were assassinated shortly before the country became independent.
Aung San's daughter, Aung San Suu Kyi, is a stateswoman and politician. She was Burma's State Counsellor and its 20th (and first female) Minister of Foreign Affairs in Win Myint's Cabinet until the 2021 Myanmar coup d'état.
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