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Cerro Rico de Potosi 1 Boliviano Authentic Bolivia Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Mountain that Eats Men)

Cerro Rico de Potosi 1 Boliviano Authentic Bolivia Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Mountain that Eats Men)

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Cerro Rico de Potosi 1 Boliviano Authentic Bolivia Coin Charm for Jewelry and Craft Making (Mountain that Eats Men) (Andes)

Obverse: The coat of arms of the Republic of Bolivia: Elliptical in shape; in the upper part is a rising sun appearing behind the Cerro Rico of Potosí with skies at dawn. In the center, the Cerro Rico of Potosí and the Cerro Menor. On the upper part of the smaller hill, the Chapel of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. In the lower left part of the landscape formed by the hills, a llama. To its right a sheaf of wheat and a palm. In the upper half of the oval, the inscription REPUBLICA DE BOLIVIA in golden capital letters. In the lover half of the oval, nine stars symbolize the nine Departments.

Reverse: Face value surrounded by two interlaced branches of laurel and olive. The laurel to the left and the olive to the right forming a wreath.

Translation: The unity is the strength
One Boliviano

Issuer Bolivia
Period Republic (1825-2009)
Type Standard circulation coin
Year 1951
Value 1 Boliviano (1)
Currency First boliviano (1864-1963)
Composition Bronze
Weight 3.0 g
Diameter 18 mm
Thickness 1.66 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized 1965
Number N# 2126
References KM# 184, Schön# 14

Cerro Rico (Spanish for "rich mountain"), Cerro Potosí ("Potosí mountain") or Sumaq Urqu (Quechua sumaq "beautiful, good, pleasant", urqu "mountain", "beautiful (good or pleasant) mountain") is a mountain in the Andes near the Bolivian city of Potosí. Cerro Rico, which is popularly conceived of as being "made of" silver ore, is famous for providing vast quantities of silver for Spain during the period of the New World Spanish Empire. It is estimated that eighty-five percent of the silver produced in the central Andes during this time came from Cerro Rico. As a result of mining operations in the mountain, the city of Potosí became one of the largest cities in the New World.

It is known as the "mountain that eats men" because of the large number of workers who died in the mines

The Cerro Rico de Potosí was the richest source of silver in the history of mankind. The extraction of mineral ores in Cerro Rico de Potosí began in 1545 by the Spanish Empire. Between the 16th and 18th century, 80% of the world's silver supply came out of this mine.

After centuries of extractive mining methods that severely damaged the local ecology the mountain continues to be mined for silver to this day. Due to poor worker conditions, such as a lack of protective equipment against the constant inhalation of dust, many of the miners contract silicosis and have a life expectancy of around 40 years. The mountain is still a significant contributor to the city's economy, employing some 15,000 miners.

As a result of centuries long mining, in 2011 a sinkhole in the top appeared and had to be filled with ultra-light cement. The summit also continues to sink a few centimetres every year. In 2014, UNESCO added Cerro Rico and Potosí to its list of endangered sites, owing to "uncontrolled mining operations" that risk "degrading the site".

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Noelle B
Perfect, shiny coin in a nice sleeve. Good...

Perfect, shiny coin in a nice sleeve. Good price. I would buy from again.