Doctor Bird & Roselle Hibiscus Flower 25 Cents Jamaica Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry (Streamer-Tail Hummingbird) (Agua de Flor) (Sorrel)
Doctor Bird & Roselle Hibiscus Flower 25 Cents Jamaica Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Red-Billed Streamer-Tail Hummingbird) (Agua de Flor de Jamaica) (Hibiscus Tea) (Sorrel)
Reverse: Doctor Bird (aka Red-billed streamer-tail or Streamer-tailed hummingbird); Roselle hibiscus flowers and leaves.
Lettering: TWENTY FIVE CENTS
Obverse: Coat of Arms with supporters at centre.
OUT OF MANY ONE PEOPLE
Queen Elizabeth II (1952-date)
Type Standard circulation coin
Value 25 Cents (0.25 JMD)
Currency Dollar (1969-date)
Weight 14.55 g
Diameter 32.3 mm
Thickness 2.45 mm
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized 15 February 2018
Number N# 9095
References KM# 49
The red-billed streamertail (Trochilus polytmus), also known as the Doctor Bird, scissor-tail or scissors tail hummingbird, is indigenous to Jamaica, where it is the most abundant and widespread member of the hummingbird family. While most authorities now consider it a separate species, some (including the American Ornithologists' Union) continue to consider it conspecific with the black-billed streamertail. The red-billed streamertail is the national bird of Jamaica.
When the black-billed streamertail of eastern Jamaica (found mostly in the parish of Portland) is considered a separate species, the red-billed streamertail occurs west of a line from Morant Bay following the Morant River, and via Ginger House and the middle Rio Grande to Port Antonio.
These birds feed on nectar from flowers using a long extendable tongue or catch small insects on the wing. The next-to-outermost rectrices of the male are 15–18 centimetres (6–7 in) long, far longer than its bearer's body. Females lack the elongated rectrices, and are largely white below. Adult males in flight produce a distinctive whirring flight sound. The whirring is synchronised with the wingbeats and video footage shows primary feather eight (P8) bending with each downstroke, creating a gap that produces the fluttering sound Bird sound other than via vocal organs is referred to as sonation.
Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is a species of flowering plant in the genus Hibiscus that is native to Africa, most likely West Africa. In the 16th and early 17th centuries it was spread to the West Indies and Asia, respectively, where it has since become naturalized in many places. The stems are used for the production of bast fibre and the dried cranberry tasting calyces are commonly steeped to make a popular infusion known as carcade.
Latin America and the Caribbean
Roselle is known as saril or flor de Jamaica in Central America and sorrel in many parts of the English-speaking Caribbean, including Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica and most of the islands in the West Indies.
Hibiscus tea is a herbal tea made as an infusion from crimson or deep magenta-colored calyces (sepals) of the roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) flower. It is consumed both hot and cold. It has a tart, cranberry-like flavor.
Agua de flor de Jamaica, also called agua de Jamaica and rosa de Jamaica, is popular in Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America and the Caribbean. It is one of several common aguas frescas, which are inexpensive beverages typically made from fresh juices or extracts. Jamaica and other Aguas Frescas are commonly found in taquerias or other Mexican restaurants. It is usually prepared by steeping the calyces, along with ginger (in Jamaica), in boiling water, straining the mixture, pressing the calyces (to squeeze all the juice out), adding sugar, sometimes clove, cinnamon and a little white rum (in Jamaica), and stirring. It is served chilled, and in Jamaica, this drink is a tradition at Christmas, served with fruitcake or sweet potato pudding.
The National Library of Jamaica describes the coat of arms as follows:
For Arms, Argent on a Cross Gules five pine-apples slipped OR: and upon a representation of Our Royal Helmet mantled OR doubled Ermine, for the Crest, On a Wreath Argent and Gules, Upon a Log fesse wise a Crocodile Proper: And for the Supporters, On the dexter side a West Indian Native Woman holding in the exterior hand a Basket of Fruits and on the sinister side a West Indian Native Man supporting by the exterior hand a Bow all proper.
The motto of the seal has been a matter of discussion for years since inception. The original motto, INDUS UTERQUE SERVIET UNI is the Latin translation for "The two Indians will serve as one", or rather "Both Indies will serve Together", in reference to the collective servitude of the Taino and Arawak Indians to the colonisers. The motto was replaced in 1962 with the English motto "Out of Many, One People", as tribute to the unity of the different cultural minorities inhabiting the nation. Perhaps as coincidence, the motto has the same meaning as the motto of the United States, E Pluribus Unum.
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