Doña Ignacia Josefa Camejo & Yellow-Crowned Parrot 2 Bolívares Venezuela Authentic Banknote Money for Collage (Revolutionary) (Lady Ardent)
Doña Ignacia Josefa Camejo & Yellow-Crowned Amazon Parrot 2 Bolívares Venezuela Authentic Banknote Money for Jewelry and Collage (Morrocoy National Park) (Simon Bolivar) (Revolutionary) (Lady Ardent)
Obverse: Josefa Camejo, heroine of independence movement. Church in background.
Registration image: star and parrot, left of serial number.
Lettering: República Bolivariana de Venezuela
15 DE ENERO DE 2018
PAGADEROS AL PORTADOR
EN LAS OFICIANAS DEL BANGO
PRESIDENTE BCV PRIMER VICEPRESIDENTE BCV
Reverse: Banner of Venezuela with picture of Morrocoy National Park in the background and a Yellow-crowned Amazon Parrot on a cactus
Lettering: Banco Central de Venezuela
DOS BOLÍVARES (two times)
CASA DE LA MONEDA - VENEZUELA
Cayo Sal-Parque National Morrocoy
Translation: Central Bank of Venezuela
Yellow-crowned parrot (Amazona ochrocephala)
Cayo Sal-Morrocoy National Park
Watermark: Simon Bolivar with letters BCV below
Issuing bank Central Bank of Venezuela
Period Bolivarian Republic (1999-date)
Type Standard banknote
Value 2 Bolívares
2 VES = USD 0.0000003771
Currency Bolivar Soberano (2018-2021)
Size 156 × 69 mm
Number N# 204755
References P# 101
Josefa Venancia de la Encarnación Camejo (18 May 1791 – 5 July 1862) also known as La Camejo and Doña Ignacia, is recognized in the National Pantheon of Venezuela as one of the heroines of the Venezuelan War of Independence, supporting the patriotic cause.
Camejo was born in a distinguished family, the daughter of Miguel Camejo and Sebastiana Talavera y Garcés, her parents were the owners of the estate where she lived, Aguaque.
She attended school in the city of Coro and then was sent by her parents to Caracas to continue her studies. There, she met the beginnings of independence of Venezuela, which occurred on April 19, 1810.
In 1811, at 20 years of age, Camejo moved to live with her mother in Barinas where her uncle monsignor Mariano de Talavera y Garcés, who was secretary of the Patriotic Society of Mérida and who had great influence on the education of his niece.
Before the offensive of the Royalists, and encouraged by her uncle, Camejo gathered a large group of women who wanted to participate in the armed struggle, and asked the governor of the Province, Pedro Briceño del Pumar, to have them for the fight, assuring him that:
«The female sex, Mr. Governor, does not fear the horrors of war, but rather, the outbreak of the cannon will only encourage, its fire will ignite the desire for freedom, which it will sustain at all costs in gift of the homeland […]»
In 1813, she married Juan Nepomuceno Briceño Méndez, who had to take refuge from the progress of the royalists moving to Bogotá, where her first son, Wenceslao, was born. Camejo was in charge of vacating Barinas, driving the entire caravan to her destination, although her mother drowned on the voyage. Pregnant, before the Ocumare del Tuy massacre, she moved to Bogotá where she remains until the battle of Boyacá in 1819, whose triumph allows her to return and meet with her husband. In 1820, her uncle Mariano ordered her to stop the Paraguaná insurrection, which she managed to reduce, disposing of weapons and defeating Royalist Chepito González in Baraived, achieving the incorporation of the Coro Province to national independence on May 3, 1821 and preparing the arrival of the General's Rafael Urdaneta's troops.
She returned to Barinas where her daughter and her husband, who was already very ill, died.
In 2002 during the International Women's Day, President Hugo Chávez held the ceremony of symbolic incorporation of Josefa Camejo to the National Pantheon.
The international airport of Falcón, the state in which Josefa Camejo was born, bears her name Josefa Camejo International Airport
In Coro, Falcón, the monument to the Venezuelan Federation highlights Josefa Camejo.
In Pueblo Nuevo, Falcón state, there is Josefa Camejo Square
Camejo was represented in 2018 currency of Venezuela in the 2 BsS bill.
The yellow-crowned amazon or yellow-crowned parrot (Amazona ochrocephala) is a species of parrot native to tropical South America, Panama and Trinidad and Tobago. The taxonomy is highly complex and the yellow-headed (A. oratrix) and yellow-naped amazon (A. auropalliata) are sometimes considered subspecies of the yellow-crowned amazon.
Morrocoy National Park is located in the easternmost coast of Falcón state and northwestern of Golfo Triste, in the west central Venezuelan coast, near the towns of Boca de Aroa, Tucacas, Sanare, Chichiriviche, Flamenco and Tocuyo de la Costa, and consists of 12,990 hectares (32,090 acres).
The park extends across both terrestrial and aquatic areas of Golfo Triste. It contains an area of mangroves and numerous islets or cays among which are Borracho, Muerto, Sombrero, Sal, Las Animas and Peraza, among others. There are spectacular white sand beaches on these cays; Mero, Paiclas, los Juanes, Playuela, Tucupido, Azul, Boca Seca and many more. The park's internal bays and mangroves, cays and islands sit in the relief of Chichiriviche hills, with elevations of 250 m.
The park is inhabited by numerous species of birds, about 266, as report by Cuare Wildlife Refuge. Because Morrocoy National Park and Wildlife Refuge Cuare are located in the same geographic area, it is inferred that the park should be have a similar number. Some notable species are: the osprey; vulnerable species such as flamingo, palette heron, pelican; species of birds whose preferred habitat is the mangrove nesting and resting such as, Neotropic, Chusmita or white Garcita, the helmeted cockaded, the amazona real parrot, the red scarlet ibis, pechiblanca heron (tricolored heron); and species with restricted distribution such as the frigatebird.
Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Ponte Palacios y Blanco; 24 July 1783 – 17 December 1830), also colloquially as El Libertador, or Liberator of America, was a Venezuelan military and political leader who led what are currently the countries of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Bolivia to independence from the Spanish Empire.
The current coat of arms of Venezuela was primarily approved by the Congress on April 18, 1836, undergoing small modifications through history, reaching the present version.
The coat of arms was established in the Law of the National Flag, Shield and Anthem (Ley de Bandera, Escudo e Himno Nacionales), passed on February 17, 1954, by the military governor of Venezuela, Marcos Pérez Jiménez. The shield is divided in the colors of the national flag. In the dexter chief, on a red field, wheat represents the union of the 20 states of the Republic existing at the time and the wealth of the nation. In sinister chief, on a yellow field, weapons (a sword, a sabre and three lances) and two national flags are tied by a branch of laurel, as a symbol of triumph in war. In base, on a deep blue field, a wild white horse (representing Simón Bolívar's white horse Palomo) runs free, an emblem of independence and freedom.
Above the shield are two crossed cornucopias (horns of plenty), pouring out wealth. The shield is flanked by an olive branch and another of palm, both tied at the bottom of the coat with a large band that represents the national tricolour (yellow for the nation's wealth, blue for the ocean separating Venezuela from Spain, and red for the blood and courage of the people). The following captions appear in golden letters on the blue stripe:
19 de Abril de 1810 (April 19, 1810) 20 de Febrero de 1859 (February 20, 1859)
Independencia (Independence) Federación (Federation)
República Bolivariana de Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)