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Elephant Mother and Baby & President Mwinyi 20 Shilingi Tanzania Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and (Elephant Calf) 1992 (Heptagonal)

Elephant Mother and Baby & President Mwinyi 20 Shilingi Tanzania Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and (Elephant Calf) 1992 (Heptagonal)

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Elephant Mother and Baby & President Mwinyi 20 Shilingi Tanzania Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Elephant Calf) 1992 (Heptagonal)

Obverse: Portrait of Ali Hassan Mwinyi facing right.
Lettering: TANZANIA

Reverse: African elephant or the African Bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) walking right with calf. Lettering above, numeral below
· 20 ·

Issuer Tanzania
Period Republic (1964-date)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1990-1992
Value 20 Shilingi
20 TZS = 0.0087 USD
Currency Shilling (1966-date)
Composition Nickel plated steel
Weight 13 g
Diameter 32 mm
Thickness 2 mm
Shape Equilateral curve heptagon (7-sided)
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Number N# 6358
References KM# 27, Schön# 27

The African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), also known as the African savanna elephant, is the largest living terrestrial animal, with bulls reaching a shoulder height of up to 3.96 m (13.0 ft) and a body mass of up to 10.4 t (11.5 short tons).

It is distributed across 37 African countries and inhabits forests, grasslands and woodlands, wetlands, and agricultural land. Since 2021, it has been listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. It is threatened foremost by habitat destruction, and in parts of its range also by poaching for meat and ivory. It is a social mammal, traveling in herds composed of cows and their offspring. Adult bulls usually live alone or in small bachelor groups. It is a herbivore, feeding on grasses, creepers, herbs, leaves, and bark.

Gestation lasts 22 months. Interval between births was estimated at 3.9 to 4.7 years in Hwange National Park. Where hunting pressure on adult elephants was high in the 1970s, cows gave birth once in 2.9 to 3.8 years. Cows in Amboseli National Park gave birth once in five years on average.

The birth of a calf was observed in Tsavo East National Park in October 1990. A group of 80 elephants including eight bulls had gathered in the morning in a 150 m (490 ft) radius around the birth site. A small group of calves and females stood near the pregnant female, rumbling and flapping their ears. One cow seemed to assist her. While in labour, fluid streamed from her temporal and ear canals. She kept standing while giving birth. The newborn calf struggled to its feet within 30 minutes and walked 20 minutes later. The mother expelled the placenta about 100 minutes after birth and covered it with soil immediately. Captive-born calves weigh between 100 and 120 kg (220 and 260 lb) at birth and gain about 0.5 kg (1.1 lb) weight per day. Cows lactate for about 4.8 years. Calves exclusively suckle their mother's milk during the first three months. Thereafter, they start feeding independently and slowly increase the time spent feeding until they are two years old. During the first three years, male calves spend more time suckling and grow faster than female calves. After this period, cows reject male calves more frequently from their nipples than female calves.

The maximum lifespan of the African bush elephant is between 70 and 75 years. Its generation length is 25 years.


Ali Hassan Mwinyi (born 8 May 1925 in Kivure, Pwani Region, Tanzania) is a Tanzanian politician who served as the second President of the United Republic of Tanzania from 1985 to 1995. Previous posts include Interior Minister and Vice President. He also was chairman of the ruling party, the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) from 1990 to 1996.

During Mwinyi's terms Tanzania took the first steps to reverse the socialist policies of Julius Nyerere. He relaxed import restrictions and encouraged private enterprise. It was during his second term that multi-party politics were introduced under pressure from foreign donors. Often referred to as Mzee Rukhsa ("Everything goes"), he pushed for liberalization of morals, beliefs, values (without breaking the law) and the economy.

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Arianna U
I purchased a few animal coins & they were...

I purchased a few animal coins & they were all fabulous & exactly as described. Very happy!