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Goddess Aequitas in 4-Lion Chariot 50 Centesimi Italy Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry (King Vittorio Emanuele III) (Goddess of Equity)

Goddess Aequitas in 4-Lion Chariot 50 Centesimi Italy Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry (King Vittorio Emanuele III) (Goddess of Equity)

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Goddess Aequitas in 4-Lion Chariot 50 Centesimi Italy Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (King Vittorio Emanuele III) (Goddess of Equity) (Libra)

Reverse: Goddess Aequitas, holding a torch, on a chariot pulled by four lions going right.
Lettering: AEQVITAS
C. 50

Obverse: Portrait of King Vittorio Emanuele III in uniform facing left.
Translation: Vittorio Emanuele King of Italy

Issuer Italy
King Vittorio Emanuele III (1900-1946)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1919-1935
Value 50 Centesimi (0.50 ITL)
Currency Lira (1861-2001)
Composition Nickel
Weight 5.5 g
Diameter 23.9 mm
Thickness 2.25 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 2395
References KM# 61, Schön# 62

During the Roman Empire, Aequitas as a divine personification was part of the religious propaganda of the emperor, under the name Aequitas Augusti, which also appeared on coins.She is depicted on coins holding a cornucopiae and a balance scale (libra), which was more often a symbol of "honest measure" to the Romans than of justice.

Aequitas (genitive aequitatis) is the Latin concept of justice, equality, conformity, symmetry, or fairness. It is the origin of the English word "equity". In ancient Rome, it could refer to either the legal concept of equity, or fairness between individuals.

Cicero defined aequitas as "tripartite": the first, he said, pertained to the gods above (ad superos deos) and is equivalent to pietas, religious obligation; the second, to the Manes, the underworld spirits or spirits of the dead, and was sanctitas, that which is sacred; and the third pertaining to human beings (homines) was iustitia, "justice".


Aequitas or Equitas is the deified personification of equity or fairness. She is most often depicted holding a pair of scales to represent fair dealings and equality. She is shown in a dignified pose, wearing a diadem and holding a scepter or staff, and sometimes She is also given a cornucopia, the symbol of abundance and wealth. She represents true fairness, a different concept from justice—for justice is under the law, and must follow it to the letter. Equity, however, is beyond the laws made by humankind, which, however fairly intended, must always be imperfect. Equity is what allows the law to be modified in circumstances that could not have been foreseen by the original lawmakers; with honesty and conscience, the concept of equity has played a role in shaping justice systems through the ages. This is shown in the definition given for the Latin word aequitas,which, besides "fairness" and "impartiality", also means "symmetry and evenness", eloquently represented by Her balancing scales.

Some have seen in Her a Goddess of honest merchants and fair dealings in contracts, negotiations, and other merchant-related endeavors; by this definition the cornucopia is seen as a symbol of the wealth to be gained through fair enterprise.

In the time of the Empire, Aequitas was worshipped as a quality of the Emperor, and on some coins is named Aequitas Augusti ("the Equity of the Emperor"). Like quite a few other personifications, She was used for propaganda purposes, to extoll some glorious attribute of the Emperor. Though the concept of aequitas was known since at least Aristotle's time (the 4th century BCE), the Goddess seems to be a late addition to the Roman pantheon; the coins I found all date from the 2nd and 3rd centuries of the current era.


Victor Emmanuel III (Vittorio Emanuele Ferdinando Maria Gennaro di Savoia; Italian: Vittorio Emanuele III, Albanian: Viktor Emanueli III, Amharic: ቪቶርዮ አማኑኤል Vītoriyo Āmanu’ēli; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) reigned as King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946. In addition, he was Emperor of Ethiopia (1936–1941) and King of the Albanians (1939–1943). During his reign of nearly 46 years, which began after the assassination of his father Umberto I, the Kingdom of Italy became involved in two world wars. His reign also encompassed the birth, rise, and fall of Italian Fascism and its regime.

During the First World War, Victor Emmanuel III accepted the resignation of Prime Minister Paolo Boselli and named Vittorio Emanuele Orlando (the premier of victory) in his place. Following the March on Rome, he appointed Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister and later deposed him in 1943 during the Allied invasion of Italy of the Second World War.

Victor Emmanuel abdicated his throne in 1946 in favour of his son Umberto II, hoping to strengthen support for the monarchy against an ultimately successful referendum to abolish it. He then went into exile to Alexandria, Egypt, where he died and was buried the following year in St. Catherine's Cathedral of Alexandria. In 2017 his remains were returned to rest in Italy, following an agreement between Italian President Sergio Mattarella and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.

Victor Emmanuel was also called by some Italians Sciaboletta ("little saber"), due to his height of 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in),[1] and il Re soldato (the Soldier King), for having led his country during both world wars.

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