Holy Savior Cathedral 5 Drams Nagorno-Karabakh Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Ghazanchetsots) (2004) (Armenian Coin)
Holy Savior Cathedral 5 Drams Nagorno-Karabakh Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Ghazanchetsots) (2004)
Reverse: Ghazanchetsots Cathedral, also known as Holy Savior Cathedral
Lettering: 5 DRAM
Obverse: Coat of arms of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.
ԼԵՌՆԱՅԻՆ ՂԱՐԱԲԱՂԻ ՀԱՆՐԱՊԵՏՈՒԹՅՈՒՆ
Translation: Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Period Republic (1991-date)
Type Non-circulating coin
Value 5 Drams (5)
Currency Dram (2003-date)
Weight 4.5 g
Diameter 22 mm
Thickness 1.74 mm
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Number N# 2408
References KM# 11
Holy Savior Cathedral (Armenian: Սուրբ Ամենափրկիչ մայր տաճար, Surb Amenap′rkich mayr tachar), commonly referred to as Ghazanchetsots (Ղազանչեցոց),[a] is an Armenian Apostolic cathedral in Shusha (known to Armenians as Shushi) in Azerbaijan. It is the cathedra of the Diocese of Artsakh of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
Built between 1868 and 1887, the cathedral was consecrated in 1888. It was damaged during the March 1920 massacre of the city's Armenians—and the destruction of their half of the city—by Azerbaijanis and experienced a decades-long decline well into the Soviet period. During the first Nagorno-Karabakh War Azerbaijan used the cathedral as an armoury to store hundreds of missiles. During the 2020 war, it was damaged by Azerbaijani attacks, which was designated a “possible war crime” by Human Rights Watch.
The cathedral was extensively restored in the aftermath of the first war and reconsecrated in 1998. It is a landmark of both the city of Shusha and the Karabakh region; it is a listed cultural and historical monument of the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh. Standing 35 metres (115 ft) high, Ghazanchetsots is one of the largest Armenian churches in the world.
The cathedral, along with Gandzasar monastery, is a symbol of history and identity for the Armenians of Artsakh/Karabakh. Novelist Zori Balayan noted that it was often referenced during the emergence of the Karabakh Movement. It has become a symbol of the liberation of the city as perceived by Armenians and a popular pilgrimage site for Armenians from Armenia and the diaspora. Catholicos Karekin II called the cathedral a symbol of the Armenian liberation movement of Artsakh during a mass at the cathedral in 2016. Furthermore, it is seen as a remnant of the 19th and early 20th century religious-cultural renaissance of the city.
Numerous manuscripts used to be kept at the cathedral, the earliest dated 1612. The Right Arm of Grigoris, the grandson of Gregory the Illuminator, was also kept at the cathedral.
The cathedral is included in the list of cultural and historical monuments of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The cathedral is included in the list of cultural and historical monuments of the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh. In 2001, the Shusha State Historical and Architectural Reserve, which includes Ghazanchetsots Cathedral, was added to the Tentative List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites from Azerbaijan.
The Nagorno-Karabakh dram (Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի դրամ) is a monetary unit of the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. Although it is legal tender, it is not as widely used as the Armenian dram.
Two commemorative coins were issued in 2003, while seven different coins have also been issued, all dated 2004. They are two aluminum 50 luma coins featuring a horse and a leaping antelope, three aluminum 1 dram coins featuring a wildcat [cheetah], a pheasant and St. Gregory the Illuminator, two aluminum-bronze 5 dram coins featuring the Ghazanchetsots Cathedral in the town of Shusha and the We Are Our Mountains monument right outside Stepanakert, and two aluminum 1000 dram coins featuring Lake Van and Kevork Chavush.
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