Hungarian Iris 20 Forint Hungary Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making
Hungarian Iris 20 Forint Hungary Coin Charm for Jewelry and Craft Making
Obverse: Hungarian iris (Binomial Name: Iris variegata) and the date below
Lettering: MAGYAR KÖZTÁRSASÁG
Translation: Republic of Hungary
Reverse: The denomination above the mintmark
Period Republic (1989-date)
Type Standard circulation coin
Value 20 Forint
20 HUF = USD 0.06
Currency Forint (1946-date)
Composition Nickel brass
Weight 6.9 g
Diameter 26.3 mm
Thickness 1.9 mm
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Number N# 809
References KM# 696, Schön# 201
Iris variegata is a plant species in the genus Iris, also in the subgenus Iris. It is a rhizomatous perennial from eastern Europe. It has dark green, ribbed leaves. The branched flowering stems can be as tall as the leaves, they can hold 2–3 flowers in summer. They are yellowish-white, with brown-purple veins on the drooping falls. It is very hardy and it is commonly cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate regions. There are several cultivars.
It is commonly known as the 'Hungarian iris'. It is known as 'skäggiris' in Swedish.
It was once known as Iris hungarica. which also applies to Iris aphylla subsp. hungarica.
It was described in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus in 'Species Plantarum' (on 1 May 1753).
Between 1800 and 1850, several Iris breeders (including Lémon, Jacques and Salter), started breeding border irises for the garden. These irises were all the progeny of two species, Iris pallida and Iris variegata. It was William Rickatson Dykes who worked out that these were the parents of most hybrids, especially those bi-coloured hybrids. These new irises were known as 'Tall Bearded Irises'. In the wild, hybrids of Iris pallida and Iris variegata are very similar to Iris germanica.
Hundreds of hybrids exist representing every colour from jet black to sparkling whites. The only colour really missing is bright scarlet. Many modern garden bearded irises are crosses of 'Iris germanica' and Iris variegata.
Iris Story & Origins
The iris is represented in Greek mythology. Iris was the goddess of the rainbow and a messenger for Zeus and Hera, and many believe that the flower is named after her. She carried messages from heaven to earth on the arc of the rainbow, and was a companion to female souls on the way to heaven. To this day, Greeks plant purple irises on women’s graves so that Iris will guide them to their resting place in heaven.
The iris commonly means wisdom, hope, trust, and valor. It can be found in a variety of temperate zones around the world, as such, its meanings have been adapted to fit various cultures.
During the 16th century BC, irises were introduced to Egypt from Syria, and stylized versions of these flowers began to decorate the scepters of pharaohs as representations of victory and power.
The iris inspired the fleur-de-lis, a decorative symbol used by French royalty. It originated in the Middle Ages. During this time the fleur-de-lis became tied to the French Monarchy, and appeared on their coat of arms, coins, and shields. Some believe that the three petals represented the three social orders: nobility, clergy, and peasants.
Iris Symbolism & Colors
Associating irises to the goddess of the rainbow, like the Ancient Greeks did, is fitting because there are over 200 species of irises that come in a wide variety of colors. Specific iris symbolism depends on the flower color:
Purple irises symbolize royalty and wisdom.
Yellow irises symbolize passion.
Blue irises symbolize faith and hope.
White irises symbolize purity.
Iris Cultural Significance
The beauty of irises inspired many artists. One of the most notable works on irises is Van Gogh’s Irises. In this piece, he carefully studied the flowers to capture their unique twisting and curving lines.
The iris is the state flower of Tennessee, and is also the February birth flower and the 25th wedding anniversary flower.
Most iris varieties bloom in early summer.
Irises have three large outer petals called falls, and three inner upright petals called standards.
Around the nineteenth century, especially in Italy, orris roots, the roots of germanica and pallida species, became an integral part of the perfume industry. These roots, when left out to dry, develop a violet-like scent, which improves over time. Because of its pleasant smell, orris roots were used in many cosmetics until people noticed that it caused allergic reactions. Today, the roots are often used in potpourris and sachets.
Orris roots were also used for medicinal purposes as an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and for teeth and skin health.
With its great diversity of colors and meanings, irises are great gifts for all types of people in your life. You can give purple irises to a parent or mentor, yellow irises to a significant other, and blue irises to someone who needs a little extra encouragement.
5 stars review from Ky
It's just what I asked for. I love it !
Quality item and great packaging. Good service.
Just at pictured and fast shipping. Perfect!
5 stars review from Catherine