Lord Vishnu Shankha Shell Trumpet & Maharaja Sree Chithira Thirunal 1 Chuckram Travancore, India Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry (Lakshmi)
Lord Vishnu Shankha Shell Trumpet & Maharaja Sree Chithira Thirunal 1 Chuckram Travancore, India Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Goddess Lakshmi Abode) CONDITION: FINE
Reverse: Sankha (conch shell trumpet; emblem of Vishnu) flanked by sprays within circle. Outside circle Legend in English and Malayalam ' Thiruvithamkoor Oru Chuckram'
Lettering: TRAVANCORE- -ONE CHUCKRAM
തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര് ഒരു ചക്രം
Translation: Travancore One Chuckram
Obverse: Bust of Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma
Lettering: BALA RAMA VARMA MAHARAJA OF TRAVANCORE
Issuer Kingdom of Travancore (Hindu Dynasties)
Type Standard circulation coin
Year 1114 (1938-1940)
Value 1 Chuckram (1/28)
Currency Rupee (1729-1947)
Weight 8.0 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness 2 mm
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Number N# 19332
References KM# 60
A Shankha (conch shell) has religious ritual importance in Hinduism. It is the shell of any suitable sea snail which had a hole made for the performer's embouchure. In Hindu mythology, the shankha is a sacred emblem of The Hindu preserver god Vishnu. It is still used as a trumpet in Hindu ritual, and in the past was used as a war trumpet. The shankha is praised in Hindu scriptures as a giver of fame, longevity and prosperity, the cleanser of sin and the abode of goddess Lakshmi, who is the goddess of wealth and consort of Vishnu.
The shankha is displayed in Hindu art in association with Vishnu. As a symbol of water, it is associated with female fertility and serpents (Nāgas). The shankha is the state emblem of the Indian state of Kerala and was also the national emblems of the Indian princely state of Travancore, and the Kingdom of Cochin.
Sree Padmanabhadasa Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma GCSI GCIE, popularly known as Sree Chithira Thirunal, was the last ruling Maharaja of the Princely State of Travancore, in southern India until 1949 and later the Titular Maharajah of Travancore until 1991. ... He was privately educated, and became the Maharajah of Travancore, at the age of 12, upon the death of his maternal great uncle, the then Maharajah of Travancore Sree Moolam Thirunal, on 7 August 1924.
In 1936, established the University of Travancore (now the University of Kerala) in 1937. The Women Studies Journal Samyukta reports that, 40% of the Travancore's revenue was set apart for education, during the reign of Sree Chithira Thirunal. Thiruvananthapuram International Airport, Travancore Public Transport Department renamed Kerala State Road Transport Corporation, Pallivasal Hydro-electric Project, Fertilisers and Chemicals Travancore (FACT) etc. were established by him. Historians like A. Sreedhara Menon credit him for the industrialization of Travancore as well.
According to researchers, the Punnapra-Vayalar uprising in 1946 which led to the death of hundreds of Communist Party workers, the declaration of an independent Travancore in 1947, and allowing too much power to his Prime Minister, Sir C. P. Ramaswamy Iyer, would represent the negative aspects of Sree Chithira Thirunal's reign.
Upon India's independence from the British on 15 August 1947, Sree Chithira Thirunal initially chose to keep his domain an independent country. As this was unacceptable to the Govt. Of India, several rounds of negotiations were held between the Maharaja and the Indian representatives. Finally an agreement was reached in 1949 and Sree Chithira Thirunal agreed to merge Travancore officially as a part of the Union of India. In 1949, Travancore was united with Cochin, and Sree Chithira Thirunal served as the first and only Rajpramukh (Governor equivalent) of the Travancore-Cochin Union from 1 July 1949 until 31 October 1956. On 1 November 1956, the state of Kerala was created by uniting the Malayalam-speaking areas of the Travancore-Cochin Union with Malabar, and Sree Chithira Thirunal's office of Rajpramukh came to an end.
...After the Constitutional Amendment of 1971, he was stripped of his political powers and emoluments from the privy purse by the Indira Gandhi government. At the age of 78, after suffering a stroke, he fell into a coma for nine days and died on 20 July 1991.
Sree Chithira Thirunal sponsored the higher education of a young K. R. Narayanan who went on to become the 10th President of India.