Marianne 1 Franc & Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité France Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry (Fourth Republic) (UNCIRCULATED) (Aluminum)
Marianne & Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité 1 Franc France Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Liberty Equality Brotherhood) (Fourth Republic) (CONDITION: UNCIRCULATED)
Obverse: Marianne's head left wearing a phrygian cap decorated with a composite wreath made of olive tree leaves, oak and wheat.
Lettering: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE
Translation: Republic of France
Engraver: Pierre-Alexandre Morlon
Reverse: Value encompassed on either side by Cornucopia (or horn of plenty, overflowing with produce, flowers, or nuts).
Translation: Liberty Equality
Period Fourth Republic (1946-1958)
Type Standard circulation coin
Value 1 Franc (1)
Currency Franc (1795-1959)
Weight 1.3 g
Diameter 23 mm
Thickness 1.41 mm
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Demonetized 17 February 2005
Number N# 708
References F# 221, Gad# 473, KM# 885a, Schön# 200a, KM# 885a.1
Marianne (pronounced [maʁjan]) has been the national personification of the French Republic since the French Revolution, as a personification of liberty, equality, fraternity and reason, and a portrayal of the Goddess of Liberty.
Marianne is displayed in many places in France and holds a place of honour in town halls and law courts. She is depicted in the Triumph of the Republic, a bronze sculpture overlooking the Place de la Nation in Paris, and is represented with another Parisian statue in the Place de la République. Her profile stands out on the official government logo of the country, is engraved on French euro coins, and appears on French postage stamps. It was also featured on the former franc currency. Marianne is one of the most prominent symbols of the French Republic, and is officially used on most government documents.
Marianne is a significant republican symbol; her French monarchist equivalent is often Joan of Arc. As a national icon Marianne represents opposition to monarchy and the championship of freedom and democracy against all forms of oppression. Other national symbols of Republican France include the tricolor flag, the national motto Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité, the national anthem "La Marseillaise", the coat of arms, and the official Great Seal of France. Marianne also wore a Cockade and a red cap that symbolised Liberty.
The French Fourth Republic (French: Quatrième république française) was the republican government of France from 27 October 1946 to 4 October 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution. It was in many ways a revival of the Third Republic that was in place from 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War to 1940 during World War II, and suffered many of the same problems. France adopted the constitution of the Fourth Republic on 13 October 1946.
Despite the political dysfunction, the Fourth Republic saw an era of great economic growth in France and the rebuilding of the nation's social institutions and industry after World War II, with assistance from the United States provided through the Marshall Plan. It also saw the beginning of the rapprochement with former longtime enemy Germany, which in turn led to Franco-German co-operation and eventually to the development of the European Union.
Some attempts were also made to strengthen the executive branch of government to prevent the unstable situation that had existed before the war, but the instability remained and the Fourth Republic saw frequent changes in government – there were 21 administrations in its 12-year history. Moreover, the government proved unable to make effective decisions regarding decolonization of the numerous remaining French colonies. After a series of crises, most importantly the Algerian crisis of 1958, the Fourth Republic collapsed. Wartime leader Charles de Gaulle returned from retirement to preside over a transitional administration that was empowered to design a new French constitution. The Fourth Republic was dissolved on 5 October 1958 following a public referendum which established the modern-day Fifth Republic with a strengthened presidency.