Minar-e-Pakistan & Star and Crescent 10 Paisa Pakistan Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Lahore Incident) (Scalloped Coin)
Minar-e-Pakistan & Star and Crescent 10 Paisa Pakistan Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Lahore Incident) (Sexual Assault) (Scalloped Coin)
Commemorative issue: F.A.O.
Obverse: Crescent within monument (Minar-e-Pakistan) with star at upper left
Lettering: حكومت پاكستان
Translation: Government of Pakistan
Reverse: Value within wheat ears
Translation: 10 Paisa
Period Islamic Republic (1956-date)
Type Circulating commemorative coin
Value 10 Paisa (0.10 PKR)
Currency Rupee (decimalized, 1961-date)
Weight 1.6 g
Diameter 22 mm
Thickness 1.35 mm
Shape Scalloped (with 12 notches)
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized 30 September 2014
Number N# 5203
References KM# 36, Schön# 38, Y# 29
Minar-e-Pakistan (Urdu: مینارِ پاکستان) is a national monument located in Lahore, Pakistan. The tower was built between 1960 and 1968 on the site where the All-India Muslim League passed the Lahore Resolution (which was latter called Pakistan Resolution) on 23 March 1940 - the first official call for a separate and independent homeland for the Muslims of British India, as espoused by the two-nation theory. The resolution eventually helped lead to the emergence of an independent Pakistani state in 1947. The tower is located in the middle of a garden, called Iqbal Park.
2021 mass sexual assault
On 14 August 2021, a young female TikTok influencer was assaulted by a crowd as she and her male friend visited Minar-e-Pakistan on Pakistan's independence day. In a video that went viral days later, the crowd could be seen picking up the woman, brutally tearing off her clothes and throwing her up in the air. According to medico legal assessment, victim was found to have dozens of bruises and scratches on the body including her chest, waist, legs and elbow besides inflammation on the neck and hands, The silence of the large group of spectators present, the absence of security guards at the monument and the delayed police response were criticised.
Pakistan was denounced around the world after the incident. Police geo-fenced 28,000 people and shortlisted 350 suspects, two of whom could get pre-arrest bail. The police arrested 161 suspects but the victim could identify only six of them in an identification parade so 155 suspects were released. On the basis of supplementary statement of the victim police also arrested some of her associates to investigate angle of blackmailing.
Debate in media and social media
Hash tags "Minar-e-Pakistan", "Lahore incident" and "400 men, yes all men" trended on social media. Some sections of Pakistani society said the victim or her friend had invited her own fans, and that her boldness on her TikTok videos contributed to the incident. Some said the assault was a publicity stunt organised by the victim. A court case against the woman was filed to that effect but the court rejected the petition. Prime Minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan, blamed the incident on the availability of smartphones.
Other sections of the media criticized these explanations as victim blaming. According to Kamila Hyat of The News International, those who blame the victim said the woman was responsible for provoking the violence against herself, perhaps by blowing kisses to some of her fans, who she supposedly invited to the event, by posing for selfies with people in her own group or by allowing the young man who had accompanied her to put an arm around her shoulder. Hyat says the fact the victim did not consent to be groped, hustled, thrown into the air, squeezed and almost made unconsciousness is logical and quite evident.
According to Rajaa Moini of The Express Tribune, the victim was physically assaulted and faced exceedingly negative scrutiny because for many Pakistanis, her visibility on TikTok, freely accessing "digital freedoms", was construed to mean her morality was questionable, which could somehow validate the attack.
he National Flag of Pakistan (Urdu: اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان کا پرچم) was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on 11 August 1947, three days before the country's independence, when it was adopted by the All-India Muslim League as the official flag-to-be of the Dominion of Pakistan. The flag was retained upon the establishment of a constitution in 1956, and remains in use as the national flag for the present-day Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The flag is made up of a green field with a tilted white crescent moon and five-pointed star at its centre, and a vertical white stripe at its hoist-end. Though the specific shade of green is mandated only as 'dark green', its official and most consistent representation is Pakistan green, which is shaded distinctively darker.
The flag is notably referred to in the third verse of Pakistan's national anthem as the 'Flag of the Star and Crescent' (Persian: پرچمِ ستارہ و ہلال, رہبرِ ترقّی و کمال, romanized: Parcam-i sitārah o-hilāl, Rahbar-i taraqqī o-kamāl; transl. 'The flag of the crescent and star, Leads the way to progress and perfection,')
The crescent represents progress and the five-pointed star represents light and knowledge. The flag symbolises Pakistan's commitment to Islam and the rights of religious minorities.
In the later 20th century, the star and crescent have acquired a popular interpretation as a "symbol of Islam", occasionally embraced by Arab nationalism or Islamism in the 1970s to 1980s, but often rejected as erroneous or unfounded by Muslim commentators in more recent times.
The star and crescent is an iconographic symbol used in various historical contexts, prominently as a symbol of the Ottoman Empire, with numerous modern countries still using it as a national symbol. It is also often it was developed at Kingdom of Pontus at Hellenistic period considered as a symbol of Islam by extension. It is the conjoined representation of a crescent and a star, both elements have a long prior history in the iconography of the Ancient Near East as representing either the Sun and Moon or the Moon and Morning Star (or their divine personifications). Coins with crescent and star symbols represented separately have a longer history, with possible ties to older Mesopotamian iconography. The star, or Sun, is often shown within the arc of the crescent (also called star in crescent, or star within crescent, for disambiguation of depictions of a star and a crescent side by side); In numismatics in particular, the term crescent and pellet is used in cases where the star is simplified to a single dot.
The combination is found comparatively rarely in late medieval and early modern heraldry. It rose to prominence with its adoption as the flag and national symbol of the Ottoman Empire and some of its administrative divisions (eyalets and vilayets) and later in the 19th-century Westernizing tanzimat (reforms). The Ottoman flag of 1844, with a white ay-yıldız (Turkish for "crescent-star") on a red background, continues to be in use as the flag of the Republic of Turkey, with minor modifications. Other states formerly part of the Ottoman Empire also used the symbol, including Libya (1951–1969 and after 2011), Tunisia (1831) and Algeria (1958). The same symbol was used in other national flags introduced during the 20th century, including the flags of Azerbaijan (1918), Pakistan (1947), Malaysia (1948), Singapore (1959), Mauritania (1959), Uzbekistan (1991), Turkmenistan (1991), Comoros (2001).
Very nice coin. Very fast delivery. Good communication.
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