Pope John Paul II 25th Anniversary Poland 2 Zlote Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making
Pope John Paul II 25th Anniversary Poland 2 Zlote Authentic Coin Charm for Jewelry and Craft Making
25th Anniversary of the Pontificate of John Paul II
Reverse: Pope in prayer at left, cross in background
Lettering: 25-LECIE PONTYFIKATU JAN PAWEŁ II
Translation: 25 years pontificate John Paul II
Small national arms at lower right with cross in background
Lettering: RZECZPOSPOLITA POLSKA 2003
Translation: REPUBLIC OF POLAND 2003
Eight times repeated inscription: NBP, every second one inverted by 180 degrees, separated by stars.
Edge Lettering: NBP ★ NBP ★ NBP ★ NBP ★ NBP ★ NBP ★ NBP ★ NBP ★
Material: Nordic Gold (Swedish: nordiskt guld): the gold-coloured copper alloy from which many coins are made.
Period Third Republic (1989-date)
Type Circulating commemorative coin
Value 2 Złote
2 PLN = USD 0.46
Currency Fourth złoty (1995-date)
Composition Nordic gold
Weight 8.15 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness 2 mm
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Number N# 9297
References Y# 465
Pope John Paul II (Latin: Ioannes Paulus II; Italian: Giovanni Paolo II; Polish: Jan Paweł II; born Karol Józef Wojtyła [ˈkarɔl ˈjuzɛv vɔjˈtɨwa];[a] 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) was the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 until his death in 2005. He was elected pope by the second papal conclave of 1978, which was called after Pope John Paul I, who had been elected in August to succeed Pope Paul VI, died after 33 days. Cardinal Wojtyła was elected on the third day of the conclave and adopted the name of his predecessor in tribute to him. John Paul II is recognised as helping to end Communist rule in his native Poland and the rest of Europe.
John Paul II significantly improved the Catholic Church's relations with Judaism, Islam, and the Eastern Orthodox Church. He upheld the Church's teachings on such matters as the right to life, artificial contraception, the ordination of women, and a celibate clergy, and although he supported the reforms of the Second Vatican Council, he was seen as generally conservative in their interpretation. He was one of the most travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate. As part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness, he beatified 1,340 and canonised 483 people, more than the combined tally of his predecessors during the preceding five centuries. By the time of his death, he had named most of the College of Cardinals, consecrated or co-consecrated many of the world's bishops, and ordained many priests.
John Paul II was the second-longest-serving pope in modern history after Pope Pius IX. Born in Poland, John Paul II was the first non-Italian pope since the 16th-century Pope Adrian VI. John Paul II's cause for canonisation commenced one month after his death with the traditional five-year waiting period waived. On 19 December 2009, John Paul II was proclaimed venerable by his successor, Benedict XVI, and was beatified on 1 May 2011 (Divine Mercy Sunday) after the Congregation for the Causes of Saints attributed one miracle to his intercession, the healing of a French nun called Marie Simon Pierre from Parkinson's disease. A second miracle was approved on 2 July 2013, and confirmed by Pope Francis two days later. John Paul II was canonised on 27 April 2014 (again Divine Mercy Sunday), together with Pope John XXIII. On 11 September 2014, Pope Francis added these two optional memorials to the worldwide General Roman Calendar of saints. It is traditional to celebrate saints' feast days on the anniversary of their deaths, but that of John Paul II (22 October) is celebrated on the anniversary of his papal inauguration. Posthumously, he has been referred to by some Catholics as "St. John Paul the Great", although the title has no official recognition.
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