Techno-Electric 10 Francs France Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (France Map)
Techno-Electric 10 Francs France Authentic Coin Charm for Jewelry and Craft Making (France Map)
Reverse: High tension towers and electric transmission wires in background. Value on band across centre.
Lettering: 10 FRANCS
Obverse: A map of metropolitan France with flashes pointing to Paris, and stylized initials RF on top with lettering around outside.
Lettering: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE
Translation: French Republic
Edge: Smooth with inscription, separated by patterns
Lettering: LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE
Translation: Liberty Equality Brotherhood
Period Fifth Republic (1958-date)
Type Standard circulation coin
Value 10 Francs (10 FRF)
Currency New franc (1960-2001)
Composition Copper-aluminium-nickel (92% Copper, 6% Nickel, 2% Aluminium)
Weight 10 g
Diameter 26.01 mm
Thickness 2.54 mm
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Demonetized 1 October 1991
Number N# 683
References F# 365, Schön# 242, KM# 940, Gad# 814
Since the Middle Ages, France has been a major contributor to scientific and technological achievement. Around the beginning of the 11th century, Pope Sylvester II, born Gerbert d'Aurillac, reintroduced the abacus and armillary sphere, and introduced Arabic numerals and clocks to Northern and Western Europe. The University of Paris, founded in the mid-12th century, is still one of the most important universities in the Western world. In the 17th century, mathematician René Descartes defined a method for the acquisition of scientific knowledge, while Blaise Pascal became famous for his work on probability and fluid mechanics. They were both key figures of the Scientific Revolution, which blossomed in Europe during this period. The Academy of Sciences was founded by Louis XIV to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research. It was at the forefront of scientific developments in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. It is one of the earliest academies of sciences.
The Age of Enlightenment was marked by the work of biologist Buffon and chemist Lavoisier, who discovered the role of oxygen in combustion, while Diderot and D'Alembert published the Encyclopédie, which aimed to give access to "useful knowledge" to the people, a knowledge that they can apply to their everyday life. With the Industrial Revolution, the 19th century saw spectacular scientific developments in France with scientists such as Augustin Fresnel, founder of modern optics, Sadi Carnot who laid the foundations of thermodynamics, and Louis Pasteur, a pioneer of microbiology. Other eminent French scientists of the 19th century have their names inscribed on the Eiffel Tower.
Famous French scientists of the 20th century include the mathematician and physicist Henri Poincaré, physicists Henri Becquerel, Pierre and Marie Curie, who remained famous for their work on radioactivity, the physicist Paul Langevin and virologist Luc Montagnier, co-discoverer of HIV AIDS. Hand transplantation was developed on 23 September 1998 in Lyon by a team assembled from different countries around the world including Jean-Michel Dubernard who, shortly thereafter, performed the first successful double hand transplant. Telesurgery was developed by Jacques Marescaux and his team on 7 September 2001 across the Atlantic Ocean (New-York-Strasbourg, Lindbergh Operation). A face transplant was first done on 27 November 2005 by Dr. Bernard Devauchelle.
Top view of the ring of European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble
France was the fourth country to achieve nuclear capability and has the third largest nuclear weapons arsenal in the world. It is also a leader in civilian nuclear technology. France was the third nation, after the former USSR and the United States, to launch its own space satellite and remains the biggest contributor to the European Space Agency (ESA). The European Airbus, formed from the French group Aérospatiale along with DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) and Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA), designs and develops civil and military aircraft as well as communications systems, missiles, space rockets, helicopters, satellites, and related systems. France also hosts major international research instruments such as the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility or the Institut Laue–Langevin and remains a major member of CERN. It also owns Minatec, Europe's leading nanotechnology research center.
The SNCF, the French national railroad company, has developed the TGV, a high speed train which holds a series of world speed records. The TGV has been the fastest wheeled train in commercial use since reaching a speed of 574.8 km/h (357.2 mph) on 3 April 2007. Western Europe is now serviced by a network of TGV lines.
The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) has been ranked by the Nature Index 2020 as the fourth institution with highest share of articles published in scientific journals in the world. France itself was the 6th nation globally with the highest share of articles published in scientific journals according to the Nature Index 2020, which is valid for the calendar year 2019.
As of 2018, 69 French people have been awarded a Nobel Prize and 12 have received the Fields Medal.
a bit steampunk, fun thank you
Beautiful coin, as described, fast shipping.
Thank you so much for all your help :-) All of the coins arrived a lot sooner than expected. My daughter loved the coins :-)
I will be coming back to shop :-)