Territorial Claim to Islas Malvinas (Falkland Islands) 2 Pesos Argentina Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry (South Atlantic War) (Bimetallic)
Territorial Claim to Islas Malvinas (Falkland Islands) 2 Pesos Argentina Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (2012) (South Atlantic War) (Bimetallic) (1833)
Commemorative issue: 30th Anniversary of the South Atlantic War (War with Great Britain over sovereignty of Falkland Islands ("Islas Malvinas")
Obverse: Argentinian map with its claimed sea, island, and Antarctic territory.
Reverse: Stylized map of the Islas Malvinas (AKA Falkland Islands)
Lettering: *MALVINAS* 1833
CAUSA REGIONAL AMERICANA
Edge: Segmented reeding
Period Federal Republic (1861-date)
Type Circulating commemorative coin
Value 2 Pesos
2 ARS = 0.020 USD
Currency Peso convertible (1992-date)
Composition Bimetallic: copper-nickel center in aluminium-bronze ring (Cu 75 Ni 25 - Cu 92 Al 6 Ni 2)
Weight 7.2 g
Diameter 24.5 mm
Thickness 2.2 mm
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Number N# 37744
References KM# 176, CJ# 7.10, Schön# 180
The United Kingdom and Argentina both assert sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. The UK bases its position on its continuous administration of the islands since 1833 and the islanders' "right to self-determination as set out in the UN Charter". Argentina claims that, when it achieved independence in 1816, it acquired the Falklands from Spain. The incident of 1833 is particularly contentious; Argentina considers it proof of "Britain's usurpation" whereas the UK discounts it as a mere reassertion of its claim.
In 2009, the British prime minister, Gordon Brown, had a meeting with the Argentine president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, and said that there would be no further talks over the sovereignty of the Falklands. In March 2013, the Falkland Islands held a referendum on its political status: 99.8% of votes cast favoured remaining a British overseas territory. Argentina does not recognise the Falkland Islanders as a partner in negotiations.
The Falkland Islands (/ˈfɔːlklənd/; Spanish: Islas Malvinas, pronounced [ˈislas malˈβinas]) is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 300 miles (483 kilometres) east of South America's southern Patagonian coast and about 752 miles (1,210 kilometres) from the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, at a latitude of about 52°S. The archipelago, with an area of 4,700 square miles (12,000 square kilometres), comprises East Falkland, West Falkland, and 776 smaller islands. As a British overseas territory, the Falklands have internal self-governance, and the United Kingdom takes responsibility for their defence and foreign affairs. The capital and largest settlement is Stanley on East Falkland.
Controversy exists over the Falklands' discovery and subsequent colonisation by Europeans. At various times, the islands have had French, British, Spanish, and Argentine settlements. Britain reasserted its rule in 1833, but Argentina maintains its claim to the islands. In April 1982, Argentine military forces invaded the islands. British administration was restored two months later at the end of the Falklands War. Almost all Falklanders favour the archipelago remaining a UK overseas territory. Its sovereignty status is part of an ongoing dispute between Argentina and the United Kingdom.
The population (3,398 inhabitants in 2016) consists primarily of native-born Falkland Islanders, the majority of British descent. Other ethnicities include French, Gibraltarian, and Scandinavian. Immigration from the United Kingdom, the South Atlantic island of Saint Helena, and Chile has reversed a population decline. The predominant (and official) language is English. Under the British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983, Falkland Islanders are British citizens.
The islands lie on the boundary of the subantarctic oceanic and tundra climate zones, and both major islands have mountain ranges reaching 2,300 feet (700 m). They are home to large bird populations, although many no longer breed on the main islands due to predation by introduced species. Major economic activities include fishing, tourism and sheep farming, with an emphasis on high-quality wool exports. Oil exploration, licensed by the Falkland Islands Government, remains controversial as a result of maritime disputes with Argentina.