Umayyad Palace at Anjar & Sea Monster turned Rock by Medusa and Perseus 10 Livres Lebanon Authentic Banknote Money for Collage Raouché Cetus
Umayyad Palace Ruins of Anjar & Sea Monster Cetus turned into Rock by Perseus, using Medusa's Head 10 Livres Lebanon Authentic Banknote Money for Jewelry Crafts and Collage (Pigeon's Rock) (Rock of Raouché) (Gerrha)
Obverse: Umayyad Ruins of Anjar
Anjar is located in the Bekaa valley or Litani valley, not very far from the road connecting Damascus and Beirut. The town is a famous archaeological center.
Reverse: Pigeons' Rock, in Beirut.
Lettering: BANQUE DU LIBAN
Pigeons' Rock -- also known as the Rock of Raouché -- is a natural arch consisting of two huge rock formations, which stand like gigantic sentinels. It is situated in Raouché, near Beirut. ... The Rock of Raouché is claimed to be the remains of the sea monster Cetus, which the Greek hero Perseus killed to save Andromeda. In the Greek myth, Andromeda was the daughter of the Aethiopian king Cepheus and his wife Cassiopeia. Andromeda was chained to a rock to be eaten by the sea monster Cetus (sent by Poseidon). Perseus first beheaded the Gorgon Medusa, for Polydectes, and then saved Andromeda from being sacrificed to the sea monster Cetus: the monster Cetus is now this rock because Perseus showed Medusa’s head to the monster, causing the monster to turn to stone.
Watermark: Man's head.
Period Lebanese Republic (1943-date)
Type Standard banknote
Value 10 Livres
10 LBP = USD 0.0066
Currency Lebanese pound (1939-date)
Size 145 × 75 mm
Number N# 206302
References P# 63
Formerly known as Gerrha, a stronghold built by Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid ibn Abdel Malek in the 8th century, the site was later abandoned, leaving a number of well-preserved ruins. The present-day name derives from Arabic Ayn Gerrha, or "source of Gerrha". The exclusively Umayyad ruins have been recognized as a World Heritage Site.
Anjar's foundation is normally attributed to the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I, at the beginning of the 8th century, as a palace-city. Syriac graffiti found in the quarry from which the best stone was extracted offer the year 714, and there are Byzantine and Syriac sources attributing the establishment of the town to Umayyad princes, with one Syriac chronicle mentioning Walid I by name, while the Byzantine chronicler Theophanes the Confessor recorded that it was Walid's son, al-Abbas, who started building the town in 709-10.
The exclusively Umayyad ruins have been recognized as a World Heritage Site. The city ruins cover 114,000 square meters and are surrounded by large, fortified stone walls over two meters thick and seven meters high. The rectangular city design of 370 m by 310 m is based on Roman city planning and architecture with stonework borrowed from the Byzantines. Two large avenues, the Cardo maximum, running north to south, and the Decumanus Maximus, running east to west, divide the city into four quadrants. The two main avenues, decorated with colonnades and flanked by about 600 shops, intersect under a tetrapylon. The plinths, shafts and capitals of the tetrapylon are spolia reused in the Umayyad period. Smaller streets subdivide the western half of the city in quarters of different size.
The partially rebuilt Grand Palace, 59 m by 70 m, includes a wall and is preceded by a series of arcades. Its central hosh (courtyard) is surrounded by a peristyle. The almost square Small Palace, 46 m by 47 m, stands out for its numerous ornamental fragments and its richly decorated central entrance. A Mosque, 45 m by 32 m, is located between the two palaces. The numerous fragments of friezes with plant, figurative and geometric motifs are proof of once rich decorated buildings.
Off the coast of Raouché, there is a natural landmark called the Pigeons' Rock (also known as the Rock of Raouché or Raouché Corniche). Located at Beirut's westernmost tip, the two huge rock formations, which stand like gigantic sentinels, are a popular destination for locals and visitors alike.
Raouché also is claimed to be the remains of a sea monster the Greek hero Perseus killed to save Andromeda. The stone is rock, as Perseus used Medusa’s head on the monster to turn it into stone.
Beautiful. Definitely coming back for more.