White Falcon and Tian Shan Mountains 10 Tyiyn Kyrgyzstan Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry (Ak Shumkar) (Issyk Kul) (Ala Too) (Tian Shan)
White Falcon and Tian Shan Mountains 10 Tyiyn Kyrgyzstan Authentic Coin Money for Jewelry and Craft Making (Ak Shumkar) (Issyk Kul) (Ala Too) (Tian Shan) (Tengrism)
Obverse: Coat of Arms of the Kyrgyz Republic and the year when the coin was issued. Depicted are the legendary Ak Shumkar white falcon, which spreads its wings over Issyk-Kul Lake, in front of Teñir Too (AKA Tian Shan) mountain peaks, beneath rising sun with 40 rays symbolizing legendary 40 clans of Manas.
Translation: Kyrgyz Republic
Reverse: "Gul" flower, which is one of the most well-known and beautiful symbols used in Kyrgyz ornamental art since the ancient time and denomination
Lettering: 10 ТЫЙЫН
Translation: 10 Tıyın
Period Republic (1991-date)
Type Standard circulation coin
Value 10 Tyiyn
0.1 KGS = USD 0.0012
Currency Som (1993-date)
Composition Brass plated steel
Weight 1.3 g
Diameter 15 mm
Thickness 1.15 mm
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Number N# 5007
References KM# 12, Schön# 16
The Emblem is in a circle which, in the conventional language of symbols, expresses the mentality, nature, culture and management of the Kyrgyz people.
In the foreground is a frontal image of a white falcon with wings wide open. The bird "Ak Shumkar" -- a symbol of purity and nobleness of thoughts -- is sung in legends and folk epics. The bird means a way of life, the traditional culture of the Kyrgyz people and symbolizes the protection of the Kyrgyz land, stretching behind it, with Issyk-Kul Lake and the snowy peaks of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too mountains (especially the Tian Shan peaks).
In the depths of the circle, beyond the mountains, the sun rises, golden rays shining on the sacred land of Kyrgyzstan. the forty rays that extend from it refer to the legendary forty clans of Manas.
The decorative frame in the form of a ribbon strip giving the necessary information: the word “Кыргыз” (Kyrgyz) is located in the upper part, and “Республикасы” (Republic) in the lower part.
The sides of the frame contain decor, composed of motifs of the ornament, stylized opened cotton bolls, ears of wheat - the main cultivated crops on Kyrgyz soil.
Issyk-Kul (also Ysyk Köl, Issyk-Kol, Kyrgyz: Ысык-Көл, Isıq-Köl, ىسىق-كۅل, [ɯsɯqkœl]; Russian: Иссык-Куль, Issyk-Kulj) is an endorheic lake in the Northern Tian Shan mountains in Eastern Kyrgyzstan. It is the seventh deepest lake in the world, the tenth largest lake in the world by volume (though not in surface area) and the second largest saline lake after the Caspian Sea. Issyk-Kul means "warm lake" in the Kyrgyz language; although it is surrounded by snow-capped peaks, it never freezes.
The Kyrgyz Ala-Too (Kyrgyz: Кыргыз Ала-Тоосу, Kırgız Ala-Toosü, [kərˈɣəs ɑlɑˈtoːsu]; Kazakh: Қырғыз Алатауы, Qyrǵyz Alataýy) also known as Kyrgyz Alatau, Kyrgyz Range, and Alexander Range (until 1933) is a large range in the North Tien-Shan. It stretches for a total length of 454 km from the west-end of Issyk-Kul to the town Taraz in Kazakhstan. It runs in the east-west direction, separating Chuy Valley from Kochkor Valley, Suusamyr Valley, and Talas Valley. Talas Ala-Too Range adjoins the Kyrgyz Ala-Too in vicinity of Töö Ashuu Pass. The western part of Kyrgyz Ala-Too serves as a natural border between Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.
The Tian Shan, also known as the Tengri Tagh or Tengir-Too, (Old Turkic: 𐰴𐰣 𐱅𐰭𐰼𐰃 , Uyghur: تەڭرىتاغ , Chinese: 天山) meaning the Mountains of Heaven or the Heavenly Mountain, is a large system of mountain ranges located in Central Asia. The highest peak in the Tian Shan is Jengish Chokusu, at 7,439 metres (24,406 ft) high. Its lowest point is the Turpan Depression, which is 154 m (505 ft) below sea level.
One of the earliest historical references to these mountains may be related to the Xiongnu word Qilian (simplified Chinese: 祁连; traditional Chinese: 祁連; pinyin: Qí lián) – according to Tang commentator Yan Shigu, Qilian is the Xiongnu word for sky or heaven. Sima Qian in the Records of the Grand Historian mentioned Qilian in relation to the homeland of the Yuezhi and the term is believed to refer to the Tian Shan rather than the Qilian Mountains 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) further east now known by this name. The Tannu-Ola mountains in Tuva has the same meaning in its name ("heaven/celestial mountains" or "god/spirit mountains"). The name in Chinese, Tian Shan, is most likely a direct translation of the traditional Kyrgyz name for the mountains, Teñir Too. The Tian Shan is sacred in Tengrism, and its second-highest peak is known as Khan Tengri which may be translated as "Lord of the Spirits". At the 2013 Conference on World Heritage, the eastern portion of Tian Shan in western China's Xinjiang Region was listed as a World Heritage Site. The western portion in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan was then listed in 2016.
Tengrism (also known as Tengriism, Tengerism, or Tengrianism) is an ancient ethnic and state Turko-Mongolic religion originating in Central Asia and the Eurasian steppes, based on folk shamanism, monotheistic at the imperial level, and generally centered around the titular sky god Tengri. The term also describes several contemporary Turko-Mongolic native religious movements and teachings. All modern adherents of "political" Tengrism are monotheists.
It was the prevailing religion of the Turks, Mongols, Bulgars, Xiongnu, Huns, and, possibly the Magyars, and the state religion of several medieval states: Göktürk Khaganate, Western Turkic Khaganate, Eastern Turkic Khaganate, Old Great Bulgaria, Danube Bulgaria, Volga Bulgaria, and Eastern Tourkia (Khazaria). In Irk Bitig, a ninth century manuscript on divination, Tengri is mentioned as Türük Tängrisi (God of Turks). According to many academics, Tengrism was a predominantly polytheistic religion based on shamanistic concept of animism, and during the imperial period, especially by the 12th–13th centuries, Tengrism was mostly monotheistic.
Tengrism has been advocated in intellectual circles of the Turkic nations of Central Asia (Kyrgyzstan with Kazakhstan) and Russia (Tatarstan, Bashkortostan) since the dissolution of the Soviet Union during the 1990s. Still practiced, it is undergoing an organized revival in Buryatia, Sakha (Yakutia), Khakassia, Tuva and other Turkic nations in Siberia. Altaian Burkhanism and Chuvash Vattisen Yaly are movements similar to Tengrism.
Tengri can either refer to the sky deity or refer also to other deities (compare this with the concept of Kami).
Tengrism is centered on the worship of the tngri (gods), Tengri (Heaven, God of Heaven) being one of them. In the Mongolian folk religion, Genghis Khan is considered one of the embodiments, if not the main embodiment, of Tengri's will.
5 stars review from Crystal
5 stars review from Cynthia
The smallest coin in my order, but one of my favourites. I find it interesting to imagine using such a small coin. A neat, unique little coin and looks just like the photo.